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AP Human Geography Industrialization and Urbanization Unit
Jigsaw Activity Words
Terms in this set (101)
Weber's Least Cost Theory
Minimize transportation cost, minimize labor costs, and Maximize Economies of Agglomeration.
Chrystaller's Central Place Model
Attempts to explain the pattern of Settlements and Urban Hierarchy.
Concentric Zone Model
A city grows outward from a central are in a series of concentric rings.
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series of sectors, or wedges, radiating out from the central business district.
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes are activities.
Urban Realms Model
Includes a CBD, central city, new downtown, and suburban downtown.
An extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place and any suburbs linked by continuous urban area.
The attractiveness and value of real estate or of a residential structure.
The highly developed economies of Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.
An individual who seeks refuge, especially political asylum, in a foreign country.
A part of most corporations where tasks dedicated to running the company itself take place. Outside the CBD.
Industry that sells its products outside the community, bringing money into the community.
Industry that sells its products within the community; it does not bring money into the community.
A circumferential highway found around or within many cities.
A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because the fear that persons of color will soon move into the neighborhood.
A theoretical United States megalopolis extending from the metropolitan area of Boston to that of Washington, D.C.
A point of discontinuity, change, or cessation.
A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another.
Some cities are characterized by one specific activity.
A process of converting an urban neighborhood from a predominantly low-income renter-occupied area to a predominantly middle-class owner-occupied area.
During the Middle Ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews: now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure.
To isolate in or as if in a ghetto.
Global Assembly Line
A mechanical system in a factory whereby an article is conveyed through sites at which successive operations are performed on it.
A ring of land maintained as parks, agriculture, or other types of open space to limit the sprawl of an urban area.
A point of economic growth.
The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services.
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
Instability in Civil War.
Just In Time Delivery
An inventory strategy that strives to improve a business's return on investment by reducing in-process inventory.
Factories built by U.S. companies in Mexico near the U.S. border, to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico.
The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use place's goods and services.
Initially coined by travel agencies and the mass media to describe the rapidly-growing practice of traveling across international borders to obtain health care.
A metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million people.
An extensive metropolitan area or a long chain of continuous metropolitan areas.
Cities focused on trade /profit by using Mercantilism.
Metropolitan Area/Digital Divide
When the line that is a barrier is digitally made metropolitan area separated from the rest of the area.
A part of an industry that does a small part of the process usually it is involved with steel mills.
The expansion of a country's money supply that results from banks being able to lend.
New International Division of Labor
transfer of some types of jobs, especially those requiring low-paid, less-skilled workers, from more developed to less developed countries
Bulk Gaining Industry
An industry in which the final product weighs more or comprises a greater volume than the inputs.
Bulk Reducing Industry
An industry in which the final product weighs less or comprises a lower volume than the inputs.
When money rapidly flow out of a country.
Central Business District (CBD)
The area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered.
City Beautiful Movement
1890s through the 1900s movement to modernize cities with avenues, landscapes, and modern buildings.
When multiple corporations merge to make a larger one.
Large, multi-metropolitan complexes formed by the fusion of 2 or more major urban areas, but they keep their individuality.
Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution.
A company creatively overpowers other companies by making better and bigger stuff.
Daily Urban System
A division between areas where most MDC's mostly exists in the north. The north is usually wealthier.
Products that can go bad or useless after a certain amount of time.
A company purposefully outdates its products to force customers to upgrade.
Designed in 1784 by a man named Cartwright and built in 1785; it is a loom operated by mechanical or electrical power that can be powered by a drive shaft.
Primate City Rule
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
R and D (Research and Development)
The idea of researching human wants and needs and then creating a good or service to fit those wants and needs accordingly.
The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
A general slowdown of economic activity over a period of time.
A process by which banks draw lines on a map and refuse to lead money to purchase or improve property within the boundaries.
Sending someone money from a far distance; this usually occurs when immigrants move to an MDC and send their pay back to their family in their home country.
A U.S. state that has passed a law preventing a union and company from negotiating a contract that requires workers to join a union as a condition of employment.
Also known as the manufacturing belt and is located in the northeastern parts of the USA and Midwest states that contain older industries and factories.
SEZ or EPZ (Special Economic Zone)
A zone set up by the government in developing countries to promote industry and common exports.
A city in China near Hong Kong.
Single Market Manufacturers
Products sold in mostly one location so there is a cluster near the market.
The physical character of a place.
The location a place relative to other places.
The distance between two groups of society; this can be two racial groups, or social settings.
An area within a city in an LDC in which people illegally settle on other people's land without paying rent.
State planning/ 5 Year Plan
Any plan for national economic or industrial development, specifying goals to be reached within a 5 year period.
Occurs when companies and services leave because of the diseconomies of industries' excessive concentration.
A process of social and economic change caused by the removal or reduction of industrial capacity or activity in a country or region, especially heavy industry or manufacturing industry.
The gap between people with effective access to digital and information technology and those with very limited or no access at all.
A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
A community's collection of basic industries.
Tourism to places having unspoiled natural resources, with minimal impact on the environment being primary concern.
Large node of office or retail activities on the edge of an urban area.
A commercial center where goods are received for distribution, transshipment, or repacking.
a shanty town in or near a city, slum area
An industry that can be placed and located at any location without effect from factors such as resources.
Symbolically relocated capital city usually because of either economic or strategic reasons sometimes used to integrate outlying parts of a country into the state.
An engine driven or worked by steam.
Real-estate agents show black people black areas, and show white people white areas.
Monetary assistance granted by a government to an individual or group in support of an activity, such as farming or housing construction, that is viewed being run the public as interest.
Provides homes for millions of families and seniors throughout the country.
Conference of highest-level officials.
A tax imposed by a country on imported good, usually intended to protest industries within that country.
The temporary elimination of real estate property tax, used to stimulate new development or redevelopment.
Country or territory where certain taxes levied at a low rate or not at all.
A fabric made by weaving, used to make clothing.
The minimum number of people needed to support the service.
A city that grew without planning.
Urbanized zone that spreads from India and Far East (China and Japan) across Islamic Empires, and into Europe; followed mostly along the silk and spice trade routes.
a\A term that relates the structure of towns within an area; typically in four categories (1st order, 2nd order, 3rd order, and 4th order).
A program of land redevelopment in areas of moderate to high density urban land use.
Unplanned, uncontrolled spreading of urban development into areas adjoining the edge of a city.
Building up a city instead of out, like tall buildings.
A city deemed to be an important node point in the global economic system.
Zone of Transition
Area between factory zone and working class zone in CZM of urban structure.
Legal restrictions on land use: residential, commercial, industrial.
Diversified family enterprises that rose in Meiji era.
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