5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- flail chest
- bacterial pneumonia
- bronchiogenic carcinomas
- a an infection caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis, an acid-fast bacillus that usually affects the lungs by may also invade other body systems, bacterial infection of lungs, spread by airborne droplets, active infection may not occur for years, s/s tiredness, loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, night sweats, cough and sputum production increase over time
- b Lung Cancer, an invasive malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue of the bronchial mucosa that tends to metastasize to other areas of the body.
- c often caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae; is the only form of pneumonia that can be prevented through vaccination, bactera enter the lung through bloodstream inflammatroy response cause dead cell debries to obstruct airway. whinitis, coough, high fever, chills, chest pain, nasal flaring, retratctions
- d respiratory rate remains abnormally low and is insufficient to meet the demands for normal oxygen delivery and carbon dioxide removal. (most common cause of hypercapnia)
- e fracture of two or more adjacent ribs in two or more places that allows for free movement of the fractured segment. Results in instability of a portion of the chest wall, causing paradoxic movement of the chest with breathing. usually associated with significant underlying lung contusion.
5 Multiple choice questions
- coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs
- infected pleural effusion; the presence of pus in the pleural space, it is a complication of respiratory infection. Thought to develop when the pulmonary lymphatics become blocked.
- a somatic sensation of acute discomfort, precipitated by breathing or coughing; usually described as sharp; present during respiration; absent when breath held, most common type of respiratory system pain
- results in inflammatory damage to the airways and plumonary edema
- mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
5 True/False questions
clubbing → abnormal enlargement of distal phalanges as a result of diminished O2 in blood
bronchiectasis → Inflammatory obstruction of the small airways of bronchioles. Most common in children. Usually occurs with chronic bronchitis in adults, but may also be seen in association with a viral infection.
chronic bronchitis → persistent abnormal dilation of the bronchi. It usually occurs in conjunction with other respiratory conditions and can be caused by obstruction of an airway with mucous plugs, atelectasis, aspiration of foreign bodies, infection, cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis, congenital weakness of the bronchial wall, or impaired defense mechanisms.
spontaneous pneumothorax → occurs unexpectedly in healthy individuals between the ages 20 and 40 years. it is most often caused by the spontaneous rupture of blebs (blister-like formations) on the visceral pleura.
chest wall restriction → diaphragm can't move down, caused by problem with ventilation. congential or other deformity. Trauma, neuromuscular disease, decreases tidal volume