5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- pulmonary edema
- Kussmaul respiration
- a the presence of air or gas in the pleural space caused by a rupture in the visceral pleura or the parietal pleura and chest wall. As air separates the visceral and parietal pleurae, it destroys the negative pressure of the pleural space.
- b The collection of fluid in the alveoli, particularly dangerous because it impedes gas exchange. Common causes of pulmonary edema are increased pulmonary blood pressure or infection of the respiratory system. signs and symptoms: crackles, dyspnea and tachypnea, peripheral edema, cough with pink frothy sputum
- c the passage of fluid and solid particles into the lung. It tends to occur in individuals whose normal swallowing mechanism and cough reflex are impaired by a decreased level of consciousness or CNS abnormalities.
- d deficiency of oxygen in the blood
- e (hyperpnea) deep, gasping associated w/ diabetic ketoacidosis
5 Multiple choice questions
- vius invades cells, replicate, kill cells sendinng out debris causing obstruction. smaller airway puts child at risk. S/S include sudden onset, fever, cough, crackles, wheeze, chills. Usually mild and self-limiting, but it can set the stage for a secondary bacterial infection by providing an ideal environment for bacterial growth.
- atelectasis, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, and pulmonary emboli. These problems usually results in reduced FRC, decreased compliance, and ventilation-perfusion mismatch.
- tuberculin skin test, sputum culture, and chest radiograph
- Sudden attacks of shortness of breath that usually occur during sleep. Person wakes gasping for breath and sits up to relieve symptoms; associated with left ventricular heart failure.
- abnormal permanent enlargement of bronchioles accompanied by destruction of alveolar walls without obvious fibrosis. Causes loss of elastic recoil.
5 True/False questions
atelectasis → collapse of lung tissue, may be compression or absorption
Cheyne-Stokes respirations → characterized by alternating periods of deep and shallow breathing. Apnea lasting 15 to 60 seconds is followed by ventilations that increase in volume until a peak is reached, after which ventilation decreases again to apnea. Results from any condition that slows the blood flow to the brain stem.
non-small cell lung cancer → more common in African Americans, most common cause is cigarette smoking, numbers are rising for women.
sputum → infected pleural effusion; the presence of pus in the pleural space, it is a complication of respiratory infection. Thought to develop when the pulmonary lymphatics become blocked.
treatment for acute bronchitis → rest, aspirin, humidity, and a cough suppressant such as codeine.