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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. hypercapnia
  2. Kussmaul respiration
  3. postoperative respiratory failure
  4. hemoptysis
  5. treatment for acute bronchitis
  1. a smokers are at a higher risk for this, especially if they have a preexisting lung disease. Limited cardiac reserve, chronic renal failure, chronic hepatic disease, and infection also increase the tendency to this.
  2. b the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
  3. c rest, aspirin, humidity, and a cough suppressant such as codeine.
  4. d coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs
  5. e (hyperpnea) deep, gasping associated w/ diabetic ketoacidosis

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain with each breath. Associated with exudate effusion. Pleural friction rub may be heard over areas of extensive effusion.
  2. this represents any change in the lung caused by inhalation of inorganic dust particles, which usually occurs in the workplace. This usually occurs after years of exposure to the offending dust, and manifestations are often difficult to differentiate from those resulting from smoking.
  3. the passage of fluid and solid particles into the lung. It tends to occur in individuals whose normal swallowing mechanism and cough reflex are impaired by a decreased level of consciousness or CNS abnormalities.
  4. decreased amount of CO2 in the blood resulting from respiratory alkalosis
  5. a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes

5 True/False questions

  1. hyperventilationrate and depth of respiration exceed the demands for oxygen delivery and carbon dioxide removal. (leads to hypocapnia)


  2. viral pneumoniavius invades cells, replicate, kill cells sendinng out debris causing obstruction. smaller airway puts child at risk. S/S include sudden onset, fever, cough, crackles, wheeze, chills. Usually mild and self-limiting, but it can set the stage for a secondary bacterial infection by providing an ideal environment for bacterial growth.


  3. pleural painthe presence of fluid in the pleural space. The source of fluid is usually blood vessels or lymphatic vessels lying beneath either pleura, but occasionally the source in an abscess or other lesion that drains into the pleural space.


  4. signs of asthmadyspnea on exertion, wheezing, tachycardia, diaphoresis, use of accessory muscles, nasal flaring; airway obstruction caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production


  5. dyspneadifficult or labored respiration. Subjective sensation of uncomfortable breathing, or of being unable to get enough air. It is a common symptom of respiratory disease