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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. bronchiectasis
  2. hypoxemia
  3. bronchiolitis
  4. evaluative methods for TB infections
  5. abscess
  1. a deficiency of oxygen in the blood
  2. b a circumscribed area of suppuration and destruction of lung parenchyma. Formation follows consolidation of lung tissue, in which inflammation causes alveoli to fill with fluid, pus and microorganisms.
  3. c persistent abnormal dilation of the bronchi. It usually occurs in conjunction with other respiratory conditions and can be caused by obstruction of an airway with mucous plugs, atelectasis, aspiration of foreign bodies, infection, cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis, congenital weakness of the bronchial wall, or impaired defense mechanisms.
  4. d tuberculin skin test, sputum culture, and chest radiograph
  5. e Inflammatory obstruction of the small airways of bronchioles. Most common in children. Usually occurs with chronic bronchitis in adults, but may also be seen in association with a viral infection.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a somatic sensation of acute discomfort, precipitated by breathing or coughing; usually described as sharp; present during respiration; absent when breath held, most common type of respiratory system pain
  2. deep breath followed by forceful exhalation from mouth, sudden expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages
  3. decreased amount of CO2 in the blood resulting from respiratory alkalosis
  4. those that involve the central nervous system, thorax, or upper abdomen. Individuals usually have had a period of hypotension during surgery, and many have sepsis
  5. (hypersensitivity pneumonitis) The immune response to allergens results in antibody production and intiation of the inflammatory response. The lung inflammation, or pneumonitis, occurs after repeated, prolonged exposure to allergens

5 True/False questions

  1. acute respiratory distress syndromecharacterized by alternating periods of deep and shallow breathing. Apnea lasting 15 to 60 seconds is followed by ventilations that increase in volume until a peak is reached, after which ventilation decreases again to apnea. Results from any condition that slows the blood flow to the brain stem.


  2. manifestations of ARDSdyspnea on exertion, wheezing, tachycardia, diaphoresis, use of accessory muscles, nasal flaring; airway obstruction caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production


  3. flail chestfracture of two or more adjacent ribs in two or more places that allows for free movement of the fractured segment. Results in instability of a portion of the chest wall, causing paradoxic movement of the chest with breathing. usually associated with significant underlying lung contusion.


  4. risk factors for lung cancermore common in African Americans, most common cause is cigarette smoking, numbers are rising for women.


  5. absorption atelectasiscaused by external pressure (ie exerted by tumor, fluid, or air in lung space) causing alveoli to collapse because of pressure on lung