5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- ARDS steps
- chest wall restriction
- risk factors for lung cancer
- community-acquired pneumonia
- a diaphragm can't move down, caused by problem with ventilation. congential or other deformity. Trauma, neuromuscular disease, decreases tidal volume
- b 1. injury to the pulmonary capillaries, endothelium, 2. inflammation and platelet activation, 3. surfactant inactivation, 4. atelectasis
- c respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants
- d commonly caused by streptococcus pneumoniae. has a relatively low overall mortality rate (higher in smokers and elderly populations)
- e more common in African Americans, most common cause is cigarette smoking, numbers are rising for women.
5 Multiple choice questions
- caused by external pressure (ie exerted by tumor, fluid, or air in lung space) causing alveoli to collapse because of pressure on lung
- Lung Cancer, an invasive malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue of the bronchial mucosa that tends to metastasize to other areas of the body.
- an infection caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis, an acid-fast bacillus that usually affects the lungs by may also invade other body systems, bacterial infection of lungs, spread by airborne droplets, active infection may not occur for years, s/s tiredness, loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, night sweats, cough and sputum production increase over time
- accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest), seen in pneumonia, tuberculosis, or carcinoma.
- acute infection or inflammation of the airways or bronchi. Commonly follows a viral illness and is usually self-limiting. manifestations include fever, cough, chills, and malaise. No pulmonary consolidation, no infiltrates in chest radiograph
5 True/False questions
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea → Sudden attacks of shortness of breath that usually occur during sleep. Person wakes gasping for breath and sits up to relieve symptoms; associated with left ventricular heart failure.
obstructive pulmonary disease → characterized by airway obstruction that is worse with expiration. Either more force is required to expire a given volume of air or emptying of the lungs is slowed or both. unifying sign= dsypnea, unifying symptom=wheezing
small cell carcinoma → most aggressive type of lung cancer; early and widespread metastasis; usually centrally located
bronchiolitis → persistent abnormal dilation of the bronchi. It usually occurs in conjunction with other respiratory conditions and can be caused by obstruction of an airway with mucous plugs, atelectasis, aspiration of foreign bodies, infection, cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis, congenital weakness of the bronchial wall, or impaired defense mechanisms.
spontaneous pneumothorax → occurs unexpectedly in healthy individuals between the ages 20 and 40 years. it is most often caused by the spontaneous rupture of blebs (blister-like formations) on the visceral pleura.