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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. clinical manifestations for acute bronchitis
  2. signs of asthma
  3. bronchiolitis obliterans
  4. chest wall restriction
  5. postoperative respiratory failure
  1. a diaphragm can't move down, caused by problem with ventilation. congential or other deformity. Trauma, neuromuscular disease, decreases tidal volume
  2. b dyspnea on exertion, wheezing, tachycardia, diaphoresis, use of accessory muscles, nasal flaring; airway obstruction caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production
  3. c acute infection or inflammation of the airways or bronchi. Commonly follows a viral illness and is usually self-limiting. manifestations include fever, cough, chills, and malaise. No pulmonary consolidation, no infiltrates in chest radiograph
  4. d a late-stage fibrotic process that occludes the airways and causes permenant scarring of the lungs. This is most common after lung transplantation (affects nearly 50% of recipients)
  5. e smokers are at a higher risk for this, especially if they have a preexisting lung disease. Limited cardiac reserve, chronic renal failure, chronic hepatic disease, and infection also increase the tendency to this.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest), seen in pneumonia, tuberculosis, or carcinoma.
  2. caused by external pressure (ie exerted by tumor, fluid, or air in lung space) causing alveoli to collapse because of pressure on lung
  3. the presence of air or gas in the pleural space caused by a rupture in the visceral pleura or the parietal pleura and chest wall. As air separates the visceral and parietal pleurae, it destroys the negative pressure of the pleural space.
  4. Lung Cancer, an invasive malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue of the bronchial mucosa that tends to metastasize to other areas of the body.
  5. atelectasis, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, and pulmonary emboli. These problems usually results in reduced FRC, decreased compliance, and ventilation-perfusion mismatch.

5 True/False questions

  1. pleurisyinflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain with each breath. Associated with exudate effusion. Pleural friction rub may be heard over areas of extensive effusion.


  2. non-small cell lung cancermore common in African Americans, most common cause is cigarette smoking, numbers are rising for women.


  3. open pneumothoraxDirect communication between external environment and pleural space such as with gun shot or knife, OCCURES WHEN A PENETRATING CHEST WOUND ALOWS OUTSIDE AIR TO PENETRATE THE PLURAL SPACE CAUSING THE LUNG TO COLLAPSE


  4. ARDS steps1. injury to the pulmonary capillaries, endothelium, 2. inflammation and platelet activation, 3. surfactant inactivation, 4. atelectasis


  5. tuberculosisan infection caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis, an acid-fast bacillus that usually affects the lungs by may also invade other body systems, bacterial infection of lungs, spread by airborne droplets, active infection may not occur for years, s/s tiredness, loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, night sweats, cough and sputum production increase over time