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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. pneumonia in immunocompromised individuals
  2. sputum
  3. bronchiogenic carcinomas
  4. pneumothorax
  5. risk factors for lung cancer
  1. a the presence of air or gas in the pleural space caused by a rupture in the visceral pleura or the parietal pleura and chest wall. As air separates the visceral and parietal pleurae, it destroys the negative pressure of the pleural space.
  2. b mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
  3. c more common in African Americans, most common cause is cigarette smoking, numbers are rising for women.
  4. d higher mortality rate than community-acquired pneumonia, more susceptible to pneumocystitis jerovici, mycobacterial infections, and fungal infections of the respiratory tract.
  5. e Lung Cancer, an invasive malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue of the bronchial mucosa that tends to metastasize to other areas of the body.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. atelectasis, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, and pulmonary emboli. These problems usually results in reduced FRC, decreased compliance, and ventilation-perfusion mismatch.
  2. a somatic sensation of acute discomfort, precipitated by breathing or coughing; usually described as sharp; present during respiration; absent when breath held, most common type of respiratory system pain
  3. a late-stage fibrotic process that occludes the airways and causes permenant scarring of the lungs. This is most common after lung transplantation (affects nearly 50% of recipients)
  4. commonly caused by streptococcus pneumoniae. has a relatively low overall mortality rate (higher in smokers and elderly populations)
  5. Direct communication between external environment and pleural space such as with gun shot or knife, OCCURES WHEN A PENETRATING CHEST WOUND ALOWS OUTSIDE AIR TO PENETRATE THE PLURAL SPACE CAUSING THE LUNG TO COLLAPSE

5 True/False questions

  1. signs of asthmavius invades cells, replicate, kill cells sendinng out debris causing obstruction. smaller airway puts child at risk. S/S include sudden onset, fever, cough, crackles, wheeze, chills. Usually mild and self-limiting, but it can set the stage for a secondary bacterial infection by providing an ideal environment for bacterial growth.

          

  2. Cheyne-Stokes respirationscharacterized by alternating periods of deep and shallow breathing. Apnea lasting 15 to 60 seconds is followed by ventilations that increase in volume until a peak is reached, after which ventilation decreases again to apnea. Results from any condition that slows the blood flow to the brain stem.

          

  3. most common viral community-acquired pneumonia in adultsInfluenza

          

  4. acute respiratory distress syndromecharacterized by alternating periods of deep and shallow breathing. Apnea lasting 15 to 60 seconds is followed by ventilations that increase in volume until a peak is reached, after which ventilation decreases again to apnea. Results from any condition that slows the blood flow to the brain stem.

          

  5. hypercapniathe presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood