5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- pneumonia in immunocompromised individuals
- a coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs
- b this represents any change in the lung caused by inhalation of inorganic dust particles, which usually occurs in the workplace. This usually occurs after years of exposure to the offending dust, and manifestations are often difficult to differentiate from those resulting from smoking.
- c abnormal enlargement of distal phalanges as a result of diminished O2 in blood
- d inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain with each breath. Associated with exudate effusion. Pleural friction rub may be heard over areas of extensive effusion.
- e higher mortality rate than community-acquired pneumonia, more susceptible to pneumocystitis jerovici, mycobacterial infections, and fungal infections of the respiratory tract.
5 Multiple choice questions
- results from removal of air because of destroyed alveoli or from inhaling pure O2 (ie. drugs- becomes hypoxemic b/c can't exchange gases or ie after surgery due to inhaling anesthetics)
- a circumscribed area of suppuration and destruction of lung parenchyma. Formation follows consolidation of lung tissue, in which inflammation causes alveoli to fill with fluid, pus and microorganisms.
- infectious inflammatory process of the lung parenchyma that originates in the hospital (pseudomonas aeruginosa and staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). higher mortality rate than community-acquired pneumonia.
- hypersecretion of mucus and chronic productive cough that continues for at least 3 months of the year, for at least 2 consecutive years. Incidence is increased in smokers, and workers exposed to air pollution. repeated infections are common.
- respiratory insufficiency marked by progressive hypoxia. this syndrome is due to severe inflammatory damage causing abnormal permeability of the alveolar-capillary membrane; also called adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
5 True/False questions
viral pneumonia → vius invades cells, replicate, kill cells sendinng out debris causing obstruction. smaller airway puts child at risk. S/S include sudden onset, fever, cough, crackles, wheeze, chills. Usually mild and self-limiting, but it can set the stage for a secondary bacterial infection by providing an ideal environment for bacterial growth.
dyspnea → difficult or labored respiration. Subjective sensation of uncomfortable breathing, or of being unable to get enough air. It is a common symptom of respiratory disease
pleural pain → respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants
cyanosis → a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
clinical manifestations for acute bronchitis → most cases are preceded by an upper respiratory infection, which is usually viral. This is followed by the onset of cough, dyspnea, and fever. symptoms include cough, chills, malaise, and pleuritic chest pain.