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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. pleural pain
  2. pneumonia in immunocompromised individuals
  3. empyema
  4. clubbing
  5. toxic gas exposure
  1. a infected pleural effusion; the presence of pus in the pleural space, it is a complication of respiratory infection. Thought to develop when the pulmonary lymphatics become blocked.
  2. b abnormal enlargement of distal phalanges as a result of diminished O2 in blood
  3. c results in inflammatory damage to the airways and plumonary edema
  4. d higher mortality rate than community-acquired pneumonia, more susceptible to pneumocystitis jerovici, mycobacterial infections, and fungal infections of the respiratory tract.
  5. e a somatic sensation of acute discomfort, precipitated by breathing or coughing; usually described as sharp; present during respiration; absent when breath held, most common type of respiratory system pain

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. decreased amount of CO2 in the blood resulting from respiratory alkalosis
  2. most cases are preceded by an upper respiratory infection, which is usually viral. This is followed by the onset of cough, dyspnea, and fever. symptoms include cough, chills, malaise, and pleuritic chest pain.
  3. deep breath followed by forceful exhalation from mouth, sudden expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages
  4. difficult or labored respiration. Subjective sensation of uncomfortable breathing, or of being unable to get enough air. It is a common symptom of respiratory disease
  5. atelectasis, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, and pulmonary emboli. These problems usually results in reduced FRC, decreased compliance, and ventilation-perfusion mismatch.

5 True/False questions

  1. nosocomial pneumoniavius invades cells, replicate, kill cells sendinng out debris causing obstruction. smaller airway puts child at risk. S/S include sudden onset, fever, cough, crackles, wheeze, chills. Usually mild and self-limiting, but it can set the stage for a secondary bacterial infection by providing an ideal environment for bacterial growth.


  2. chest wall restrictiondiaphragm can't move down, caused by problem with ventilation. congential or other deformity. Trauma, neuromuscular disease, decreases tidal volume


  3. bronchiogenic carcinomasa late-stage fibrotic process that occludes the airways and causes permenant scarring of the lungs. This is most common after lung transplantation (affects nearly 50% of recipients)


  4. Kussmaul respiration(hyperpnea) deep, gasping associated w/ diabetic ketoacidosis


  5. small cell carcinomamost aggressive type of lung cancer; early and widespread metastasis; usually centrally located


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