5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- clinical manifestations for acute bronchitis
- toxic gas exposure
- paradoxic movement of chest wall
- clinical manifestations of pneumonia
- pleural pain
- a most cases are preceded by an upper respiratory infection, which is usually viral. This is followed by the onset of cough, dyspnea, and fever. symptoms include cough, chills, malaise, and pleuritic chest pain.
- b results in inflammatory damage to the airways and plumonary edema
- c During inspiration the unstable portion of the chest wall moves inward, and during exhalation it moves outward, impairing movement of gas in and out of the lungs.
- d acute infection or inflammation of the airways or bronchi. Commonly follows a viral illness and is usually self-limiting. manifestations include fever, cough, chills, and malaise. No pulmonary consolidation, no infiltrates in chest radiograph
- e a somatic sensation of acute discomfort, precipitated by breathing or coughing; usually described as sharp; present during respiration; absent when breath held, most common type of respiratory system pain
5 Multiple choice questions
- coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs
- higher mortality rate than community-acquired pneumonia, more susceptible to pneumocystitis jerovici, mycobacterial infections, and fungal infections of the respiratory tract.
- hypersecretion of mucus and chronic productive cough that continues for at least 3 months of the year, for at least 2 consecutive years. Incidence is increased in smokers, and workers exposed to air pollution. repeated infections are common.
- the presence of air or gas in the pleural space caused by a rupture in the visceral pleura or the parietal pleura and chest wall. As air separates the visceral and parietal pleurae, it destroys the negative pressure of the pleural space.
5 True/False questions
asthma is caused by → environmental factors and genetics. There is also a "hygiene hypothesis" to explain cause
spontaneous pneumothorax → Direct communication between external environment and pleural space such as with gun shot or knife, OCCURES WHEN A PENETRATING CHEST WOUND ALOWS OUTSIDE AIR TO PENETRATE THE PLURAL SPACE CAUSING THE LUNG TO COLLAPSE
bronchiolitis → persistent abnormal dilation of the bronchi. It usually occurs in conjunction with other respiratory conditions and can be caused by obstruction of an airway with mucous plugs, atelectasis, aspiration of foreign bodies, infection, cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis, congenital weakness of the bronchial wall, or impaired defense mechanisms.
empyema → infected pleural effusion; the presence of pus in the pleural space, it is a complication of respiratory infection. Thought to develop when the pulmonary lymphatics become blocked.
hemothorax → accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest), seen in pneumonia, tuberculosis, or carcinoma.