5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- postoperative respiratory failure
- a abnormal enlargement of distal phalanges as a result of diminished O2 in blood
- b the presence of air or gas in the pleural space caused by a rupture in the visceral pleura or the parietal pleura and chest wall. As air separates the visceral and parietal pleurae, it destroys the negative pressure of the pleural space.
- c accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest), seen in pneumonia, tuberculosis, or carcinoma.
- d form of dyspnea in which the person can breathe comfortably only when standing or sitting erect
- e smokers are at a higher risk for this, especially if they have a preexisting lung disease. Limited cardiac reserve, chronic renal failure, chronic hepatic disease, and infection also increase the tendency to this.
5 Multiple choice questions
- collapse of lung tissue, may be compression or absorption
- infectious inflammatory process of the lung parenchyma that originates in the hospital (pseudomonas aeruginosa and staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). higher mortality rate than community-acquired pneumonia.
- tuberculin skin test, sputum culture, and chest radiograph
- respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants
- a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
5 True/False questions
hypocapnia → difficult or labored respiration. Subjective sensation of uncomfortable breathing, or of being unable to get enough air. It is a common symptom of respiratory disease
emphysema → abnormal permanent enlargement of bronchioles accompanied by destruction of alveolar walls without obvious fibrosis. Causes loss of elastic recoil.
acute respiratory distress syndrome → respiratory insufficiency marked by progressive hypoxia. this syndrome is due to severe inflammatory damage causing abnormal permeability of the alveolar-capillary membrane; also called adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
flail chest → a circumscribed area of suppuration and destruction of lung parenchyma. Formation follows consolidation of lung tissue, in which inflammation causes alveoli to fill with fluid, pus and microorganisms.
hypoventilation → rate and depth of respiration exceed the demands for oxygen delivery and carbon dioxide removal. (leads to hypocapnia)