51 terms

When in Rome...

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Gracchus Brothers
Were Tribunes...both killed by "The Mob" in Rome at the encouragement of the Senate
Romulus and Remus
The twin brothers who founded Rome.
Hannibal
Carthaginian general during the 2nd Punic War. He crossed the Alps with war elephants and waged war against Rome for 17 years before returning to Carthage to fight Scipio at Zama.
Scipio
Roman general who defeated Hannibal at Zama.
Gaius Marius
He eliminated the property restrictions for military service. Poor began joining the Legions and attaching themselves to their general.
Sulla
Rose to power out of the Social War. Marched on Rome with his Legions starting another Civil War. He emerged victorious and became dictator.
Julius Caesar
Member of the 1st Triumvirate...emerged as Dictator for Life. Was assassinated on the Ides of March.
Crassus
The lesser of the three members of the 1st Triumvirate.
Pompey
Was part of the 1st Triumvirate...took power and ordered Caesar to leave his army and report to Rome. Caesar defeated him.
Vespasian
The first of the Flavian Emperors.
Marc Antony
Member of the 2nd Triumvirate...was defeated by Octavian in 31 BC.
Octavian
Was part of the 2nd Triumvirate...he was Caesar's nephew and adopted son. Caesar's choice to be the heir.
Trajan
Rome reached its territorial limits under his rule.
Lepidus
Member of the 2nd Triumvirate...pushed aside by the other two as they battled for the supreme power of Rome.
Augustus
Title given to Octavian after he emerged from the 2nd Triumvirate...means "the revered one".
Julio-Claudian
Dynasty of Emperors who were "related" to Julius Caesar... Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero.
Flavian
This dynasty re-established order after the unrest following Nero's death
Nero
Legend has it that he "fiddled" while Rome burned...he was the last of the Julio-Claudian Emperors.
Hadrian
One of the Good Emperors...famous for building a wall across England.
Virgil
authored the Roman epic the Aeneid
Galen
An ancient medical writer about anatomy, physiology, and general medicine. Wrote many volumes summarizing all of the medical knowledge of the day.
Ptolemy
Put the earth at the center of the universe which was believed for the next 14 centuries
Jesus of Nazareth
The Messiah of the newly created Christian faith.
Diocletian
Roman emperor who divided the empire into a West and an East section.
Constantine
Roman Emperor who converted to Christianity and moved capital to another city
Alaric
In 408, this King led the Visigoths across the Alps to Rome, they stormed and plundered it
Odoacer
barbarian general who overthrows the Roman Empire in 476
Republic
government where the power is given to representatives elected by the people
Patricians
The upper class in Rome
Plebeians
they were Roman citizens that were not a part of the upper class
Consuls
The two most powerful magistrates in Rome...together they served one year terms and served as the chief executives of Rome.
Veto
power held by the Tribunes to vote against laws.
Censors
either of two magistrates who held censuses and supervised public morals
Triumvirate
group of three leaders that rose to power in Rome...happened twice, both with the same results.
Pax Romana
200 year period of peace in Rome.
the Forum
The heart of the city of Rome...meeting place, markets.
Aqueduct
A structure that carries water over long distances
villa
Wealthy Roman estate in the country side
Punic Wars
Series of 3 wars fought between Rome and Carthage
Edict of Milan
313 CE Constantine makes Christianity the primary religion of the Roman Empire
Roman Legions
a unit of 3,000-6,000 men in the ancient Roman army. the backbone of their military
Colosseum
A large stadium in ancient Rome where athletic events took place...built by Vespasian
Gladius
was one Latin word for sword, and is used to represent the primary sword of Ancient Roman foot soldiers
I
Roman numeral 1
V
Roman numeral 5
X
Roman numeral 10
L
Roman numeral 50
C
Roman numeral 100
Causes for the fall of Rome...
-Invasions by Barbarian tribes
-Economic troubles and over-reliance on slave labor
-The rise of the Eastern Empire
-Over-expansion and military overspending
-Government corruption and political instability
-The Huns
-Christianity and loss of traditional values
-Weakening of the Legions
Pantheon
one of the most famous buildings in Rome dedicated to planetary gods.
Via Appia (Appian Way)
was one of the earliest and strategically most important Roman roads of the ancient republic.
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