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50 terms

Unit 2 APUSH terms

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nat turner's rebellion
Rebellion in which Nat Turner led a group of slaves through virginia in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow and kill planter families
american colonization society
A Society that thought slavery was bad. They would buy land in Africa and get free blacks to move there. One of these such colonies was made into what now is Liberia. Most sponsors just wanted to get blacks out of their country.
elias howe
Invented the sewing Machine
wilmot proviso
Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico
popular sovereignty
The concept that a States people should vote whether to be a slave state or Free
compromise of 1850
Forestalled the Civil War by instating the Fugitive Slave Act , banning slave trade in DC, admitting California as a free state, splitting up the Texas territory, and instating popular sovereignty in the Mexican Cession
fugitive slave law
law that said you had to return runaway slaves to their owners tension btwn N & S~north opposed slavery and they refused to enforce the law, especially abolitionists
webster-ashburton treaty
treaty resolving several border issues between the United States and the British North American colonies, particularly a dispute over the location of the Maine-New Brunswick border
joseph smith
religious leader who founded the Mormon Church in 1830 (1805-1844)
brigham young
United States religious leader of the Mormon Church after the assassination of Joseph Smith
edgar allen poe
wrote The Raven, had a morbid sensibility, questioned human goodness and died at an early age from alcoholism
dorthea dix
dedicated to improving conditions for the mentally ill. led movement to build new mental hospitals and improve existing ones
william lloyd garrison
1805-1879. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
frederick douglass
United States abolitionist who escaped from slavery and became an influential writer and lecturer in the North (1817-1895)
elizabeth cady stanton
A prominent advocate of women's rights, Stanton organized the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention with Lucretia Mott
horace mann
Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education, he was a prominent proponent of public school reform, and set the standard for public schools throughout the nation.
harriet beecher stowe
wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin
dred scott decision
Landmark court decision that ruled that slaves were property and antislavery laws were unconstitutional
abolition
Movement to end slavery
freeport doctrine
Idea authored by Stephen Douglas that claimed slavery could only exist when popular sovereignty said so
kansas-nebraska act
created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opened new lands, repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and allowed settlers in those territories to determine if they would allow slavery within their boundaries
nativism
the belief that native-born Americans are superior to foreigners
transcendentalism
any system of philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual above the empirical and material
bleeding kansas
Term referring to bloodshed over popular sovereignty in a particular western territory
fort sumter
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War
jefferson davis
President of the Confederate States of America
antietam
the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Northern soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with almost 23,000 casualties. After this "win" for the North, Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation
robert e lee
General of the Confederates (South)
U.S. Grant
Leader of Northern Army during Civil War - Later becomes president
merrimac
an iron-clad vessel built by the Confederate forces in the hope of breaking the blockade imposed by the North
gettysburg
The most violent battle of the American Civil War and is frequently cited as the war's turning point, fought from July 1 - July 3, 1863.
appomattox
This was the last battle of the Civil War that ended in a Union victory. It ended the war.
appomattox
This was the last battle of the Civil War that ended in a Union victory. It ended the war.
morrill land grant act
of 1862, in this act, the federal government had donated public land to the states for the establishment of college; as a result 69 land- grant institutions were established.
wade davis bill
bill passed by congress and vetoed by president lincoln that would have given congress control of reconstruction
13th amendment
abolished slavery
15th amendment
This amendment granted black men the right to vote.
andrew johnson
A Southerner form Tennessee, as V.P. when Lincoln was killed, he became president. He opposed radical Republicans who passed Reconstruction Acts over his veto. The first U.S. president to be impeached, he survived the Senate removal by only one vote. He was a very weak president.
radical republicans
After the Civil War, a group that believed the South should be harshly punished and thought that Lincoln was sometimes too compassionate towards the South.
freedmans bureau
The bureau's focus was to provide food, medical care, administer justice, manage abandoned and confiscated property, regulate labor, and establish schools.
black codes
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves
border states
in the civil war the states between the north and the south: delaware, mayland, kentucky, and missouri
carpetbaggers
A northerner who went to the South immediately after the Civil War; especially one who tried to gain political advantage or other advantages from the disorganized situation in southern states;
compromise of 1877
Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river
copperheads
a group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War
draft riots
violent disturbances in New York City that were the culmination of discontent with new laws passed by Congress to draft men to fight in the ongoing American Civil War.
ex parte milligan
case that ruled that the application of military tribunals to citizens when civilian courts are still operating is unconstitutional.
scalawags
southern whites who supported republican policy throught reconstruction
sharecropping
system in which landowners leased a few acres of land to farmworkers in return for a portion of their crops
10% plan
said a southern state could organize a government when 10% of the people had taken an oath