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36 terms

Art Terminology

STUDY
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Acrylic Paint
Pigments mixed with an acrylic vehicle. Has a plastic base.
Analogous Colors
Colors that are closely related and similar on the color wheel such as RED, RED ORANGE, ORANGE
Bas Relief
Low relief or sunken materials in sculpture: raising off the flat surface in a low manner
Black
All colors on the color wheel mixed equally together
Canvas
Rough cloth, on which a painted, usually stretched over a wooden frame
Color
Ann element of art that is derived from reflected light. The sensation of color is aroused in the brain by response of the eyes to difference wavelengths of light. Color has three properties: Hue, Value, and Intensity
Collage
An art form that involves tearing or cutting pre painted piece of material or magazine shapes which are then applied to a board to create a whole image
Color Wheel
The Color spectrum bent into a circle
Complementary Color
THe colors opposite each other on the color wheel such as BLUE and ORANGE
Cool Colors
Cool colors suggest coolness and seem to recede from the veiwer
Dry Brush
Applying paint to a canvas or paper, predominantly watercolor, with little or no water on the brush
Glazing
Laying a thin layer of watered down painting with a gloss medium to give the painting a finished touch and/or an antiqued look
Gouche
Opaque watercolor
Hue
The name of the color in the color spectrum
Impressionism
Style of art that uses light play and energetic brushstrokes to give an impression of a slice of life
Intensity
THe brightness or dullness of a color. Pure hue is called a high intensity color. Intensity is one of the three properties of color
Linseed Oil
A mixture added to oil paint to extend the drying time
Local Color
An objects actual color in white light
Maskoid or Friskit
White glue like substance that allows you to white out certain areas on watercolor paper that you wish to remain white
Maquette
a small preliminary model for a sculpture
Neutrals
Colos on the color wheel that come from mixing all colors in a variety of degrees (gray, browns, beiges)
Oil Paints
Pigment mixed with oil. Takes longer to dry, allowing the painter to lay down the color in translucent layers
Palette (paper)
A thin board with a hole for the thumb used for mixing paints. A waxy paper is also used for mixing colors.
Primary Colors
RED, YELLOW and BLUE-the colors from which all other colors re derived
Saturation
The brightness or dullness of a color
Scumbling
A painting technique that allows you to take a somewhat dry brush with paint and apply it to the canvas leaving textured marks
Secondary Color
GREEN, ORANGE, and VIOLET. Created by mixing 2 primary colors
Tempera Paint
Paint made by mixing pigments with egg yoke or another liquid. School poster paint is a type of tempera
Tint
A light value of hue made by mixing the hue with white. Opposite of shade
Tertiary Colors
Colors created by mixing one primary color and one secondary color
Turpenoid
A turpentine substitute that helps to maneuver oil paint on the canvas
Watercolor
Water soluble paints that have a very fresh and delicate pigment
Warm Colors
RED, ORANGE and YELLOW. Warm colors suggest warmth and seem to move toward the viewer
WAsh
A faint and watered down application of watercolor, acrylic or oil paint to begin your painting
Wet into Wet
A watercolor technique that you use by wetting the paper first, then laying on a juicy plume of color and letting the color fan out into other colors
White
Absence of color

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