Veterinary science parasitology small animal threadworm
Name the species of threadworm.
Strongyloides stercoralis, Strongyloides felis
What threadworm stage is passed in the faeces?
What threadworm stage is infective?
L1 following free living cycle.
How are animals infected with threadworm?
L1 larvae penetrate skin of host, tracheal migration. Autoinfection.
How is threadworm infection diagnosed?
Faecal smear (not great)
Can culture from poo
What are the public health concerns with threadworm?
larva currens (or cutaneous larva migrans), GI signs.
Clinical signs of threadworm?
Young pups or immuno-compromised get watery or mucous diarrhoea and vomiting, Bronchopneumonia -auto-infective larvae
Which part of the GI tract do threadworms generally take up residence in?
What anthelmintic treatment for threadworm?
All extra-label / off-label use only:
Fenbendazole and Ivermectin over repeated treatments to kill maturing adults
What husbandry treatment for threadworm?
Improved husbandry- reduce overcrowding & stress, improve hygiene. Isolate from other animals