APUSH America's History Henretta Chapter 3
Terms in this set (23)
Like in Lord Baltimore's Maryland, the new settlements in Carolina, New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania were ruled by Duke of York (For Carolina and Jersey) and William Penn owned all the land in their new colonies and rule they they wished. But their laws had to broadly conform to English ones.
Condemned extravagance. William Penn designed Pennsylvania as a refuge for his fellow Quakers. They refused to serve in military or pay taxes to support church of England.
1651. Required that goods be carried on ships owned by English or colonial merchants. Later parliamentary acts strengthened the ban on foreign traders so colonists could export sugar and tobacco only to England and import European goods only through England. 3/4 of crew on English vessels had to be English. These policies were backed with military force.
Although many colonial ports benefited from the growth of English shipping many colonists still violated the Navigation Acts.
Dominion of New England
A royal province of Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay, New York, New Jersey and Plymouth formed in 1686 by King James II who appointed by hard edged Edmund Andros. Ordered abolishing of existing legislative assemblies. Puritans did not like this
King James II over thrown by this bloodless revolution. Rebellions happened in colonies as a result and the Dominion was split up but Puritans were not given their old domination of Massachusetts government instead the vote was given to all male property owners and eliminated Puritan restrictions on the Church of England.
William and Mary ruled as such following the Glorious Revolution where the monarch's powers are limited by the constitution and therefore the parliament has a lot of power. The parliament was able to create a Board of Trade to oversee colonial affairs , continued to pursue mercantilism policies that benefited Colonies but all also permitted local elites to maintain a strong hand in colonial affairs.
Second Hundred Years' war
1689-1815 Britain fought in 7 major wars. So Britain left colonies to take care of themselves essentially. Some colonies got dragged into these wars and had to support Britain. Some native Americans tried to take advantage of European infighting by allying with Colonists and this kind of worked.
Adaption of stateless people to the demands imposed on them by neighboring states. Experienced by the native Americans. Their culture was rapidly changing and blending with each other as so many of them died. Some polities simply disappeared.
A series of alliances and treaties developed during the seventeenth century, primarily between the Iroquois Confederacy (Haudenosaunee) and the British colonies of North America, with other Indian tribes added. Became a model for relations between the British Empire and other Native American peoples.
South Atlantic System
Britain's new commercial focus on growth of production of Sugar,tobacco, rice and other tropical and subtropical products for the international market. Based on plantation societies that were run by European planter-merchants and worked by hundreds of thousands of enslaved Africans.
Enslaved Africans were forced into over-packed ships to go across Atlantic. Lots of them died on this terrible journey.
1739. The largest slave uprising in mainland colonies. South Carolina. Illustrated impossibility of success for slaves. Catholic governor of Spanish Florida instigated revolt by promising freedom to fugitive slave. It ultimately failed and South Carolinians cut slave imports and tightened plantation discipline.
A refined but elaborate lifestyle adopted by upper classes of plantation society (aristocracy) to separate themselves from the lower classes.
The allowance of American self-government as royal bureaucrats as long as trade was growing and import duties were being paid.
Practice of giving offices and salaries to political allies allowed Walpole to gain power for his party who forced higher taxes for the colonists. In response Americans saw this as a loss of legitimacy for the English government and colonists would start strengthening powers of the representative assemblies laying the foundation for the American independent movement.
Lent paper money to farmers who pledged their land as collateral for the loans. Farmers used the currency to buy tools or livestock or to pay creditors, thereby stimulating trade. Colonial governments tried to do the same by printing paper currency as well but this just devalued all the currency so 1751 parliament passed Currency Act which barred New England colonies for making new land banks and prohibited use of publicly issued paper money to pay private debts.
An English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Quaker and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony and the future Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
An English colonial administrator in North America. A hard edged former military member. He was the governor of the Dominion of New England during most of its three-year existence.
William of Orange
The Protestant Dutch Prince who the leaders of the Whig party invited. He came in happily giving a lot of power to Parliament that the monarchy used to have but then also got to use England's resources to fight in lots of European wars.
He justified the coup that happened during the Glorious Revolution in his Two Treaties on Government (1690) Rejected idea of divine right monarchy. Said individuals have natural rights to life,liberty, and property. Locke had impact on political leaders in America who wanted to expand the powers of the colonial assemblies.
A German-born colonist in the Province of New York. He gained wealth in New Amsterdam in the fur trade and tobacco business. Led the rebellion against the Dominion of New England. He was decapitated because he didn't speak English pretty much, an act of ethnic vengeance that corrupted New York politics for a generation.
William Bryd II
He led the life a typical rich white southerner plantation owner. His wealth allowed him to dominate his locality, ie poor whites and all blacks. But when he went to school in England he was met with disdain by people who saw him as lesser. They instigated some tensions between the rich in the south and in England.
a British statesman who is generally regarded as the first Prime Minister of Great Britain. His governance gave way to salutary neglect