Terms in this set (56)
The most important or leading character in a work who is usually identical to the hero/heroine... but not always. They can have both good and bad qualities.
The character pitted against the protagonist of a work. He or she usually has evil or distasteful qualities, but is not necessarily all bad. If they are purely evil, he or she is a villain.
A character who has an epiphany or experiences a change during the course of the work in order to gain a new understanding.
A character who stays the same throughout the work, from the beginning to the end.
Used more figuratively to describe the insight or revelation gained when one suddenly understands the significance of a generally commonplace object, gesture, statement, situation, moment or mentality.
A character, who by contrast with the main character, serves to accentuate that character's distinctive qualities or characteristics.
Characters that are not developed; are easily recognizable by their lack of complexity; and are usually created to emphasize a single important trait.
Characters that have a level of complexity and depth we associate with real people and that have been fully developed by the author
A type of character who regularly appears in certain literary forms; they are often stereotyped characters
When the author intervenes authoritatively in order to describe, and often to evaluate, the motives and dispositional qualities of the characters
When the author simply presents the characters talking and acting and leaves the reader to infer the motives and dispositions that lie behind what they say and do.
The mixture of situation and personality that compels a character to behave the way he or she does.
Facts revealed by the author or speaker that support the attitude or tone in a piece of poetry or prose.
Association evoked by a word beyond its literal meaning; the emotional feeling associated with a word.
A word's literal meaning; dictionary meaning of a word
Regional variety of a language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary; language peculiar to a particular group or social class
A character's voice, especially as it appears in a conversation between two or more characters
A speaker's word choice intended to convey a certain effect
A peculiar expression of a given language
• Ex: take someone under your wing, pull your weight, under
the weather, raining cats and dogs
The use of a word or phrase that is less direct, less distasteful and less offensive than another.
• Ex: curvy, pre-owned, lost their lives, downsized
The degree of difficulty, complexity, abstractness, formality, and currency of words used, as well as the origin of the words chosen.
The arrangement and interrelation of events in a narrative work which engages the reader's attention while also providing a framework for the exposition of the author's message, theme or other such elements.
A confrontation or struggle between opposing characters or forces in the plot or narrative work, from which the action emanates and around which it revolves.
man vs. self, involves a character who is fighting something within themselves.
includes man vs. nature, man vs. man, man vs. machine, man vs. society and man vs. supernatural.
The actual language that a writer uses to convey a visual picture to create or represent any sensory experience
Defined by some as synonymous with atmosphere and/or tone; it can be attitude toward readers, subject matter, or even toward the author themselves or it can refer to the general feeling created in the reader.
time and place that provides general background for the characters and plot of the story.
.A statement that the text seems to be making about the subject of the literary work. This can be moral or an amoral lesson.
In more modern works, the theme may emanate from an unmoralized, or less obviously, moral perspective
The writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject and the audience
A scene that interrupts the present action of a narrative work to depict some earlier event - often an event that occurred before the opening scene of the work via remembrance, dreaming or some other mechanism.
A technique by which an author suggests or predicts an outcome of plot
What builds the reader's attention
Point of View
the vantage point from which a narrative is told
1st Person Point of View
The character telling the story speaks as though it had happened to him or her personally. The narrator uses personal pronouns such as "I," "me," "my," etc.
3rd Person Point of View Omniscient
The author tells the story as though he or she knows everything about the actions, thoughts, and feelings of all the characters.
3rd Person Point of View Limited
The author tells the story as though he or she can only perceive the thoughts and feelings of one of the characters.
A kind of metaphor that gives inanimate objects or abstract ideas human characteristics.
A form of personification in which the absent or dead are spoken to as if present and the inanimate, as if animate
Something that stands for or suggests something larger and more complex than its literal meaning
a comparison using "like" or "as"
a comparison without using "like" or "as"
A reference to a mythological, literary or historical person, place or thing
A deliberate, extravagant, and often outrageous exaggeration
Opposite of hyperbole; a kind of irony that deliberately represents something as being much less than it really is
A statement that contradicts itself. (ex. "The silence was deafening.")
A form of paradox that combines a pair of contrary terms. (ex. sweet sorrow; little giant.)
A play on two words that are identical or similar in sound but
have sharply diverse meanings
the audience knows or understands more than the actual characters involved
when one thing is expected to happen but the opposite occurs
the result of a statement saying one thing while meaning the opposite
a type of irony in which a person appears to be praising something but is actually insulting it
The repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of words (ex. Live and Liberty)
the repetition of a vowel sound within words (ex. rise and shine; down an out)
Repetition of consonance especially at the end of stressed syllables
The use of words that imitate sounds (ex. creak, quack)
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