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World history unit one
Terms in this set (34)
An artistic movement in the early sixteenth century that marked the end of the Renaissance.
Study of the classics, the literary works of ancient Greece and Rome.
A movement during the Renaissance with the goal of reforming the Catholic Church.
Leonardo Da Vinci
Inventor and artist during the Renaissance known for his use of science and anatomy in his art - often referred to as the quintessential Renaissance Man.
One of the earliest Humanist authors who was known as the father of the Renaissance.
The author of one of the most influential works of political power called The Prince.
Divine right of kings
The belief that a king or queen has received his or her power and authority to rule from God and was only responsible to God.
The idea that a single ruler could rule with absolute power using the new (18th century) ideas of the Enlightenment.
Frederick (II) the Great
Ruler of Prussia during the 18th century who attempted to embody the principles of Enlightened Absolutism.
Charles V (of spain)
Leader of Spain and the Holy Roman Empire in the 16th century before abdicating his lands to his brother and son.
Religious leader whose writings helped to begin the Reformation in the early 16th century.
Religious movement, beginning in the 16th century, where a third major branch of Christianity broke from the Catholic Church.
John Calvin (Calvinism)
16th century theologian who was a leader in Protestant Reformation and proponent of predestination.
Catholic Reformation (Counter Reformation)
Movement within the Catholic Church to counter the Protestant Movement and to renew the church.
Pope Paul III
16th century Catholic leader at the beginning of the Catholic Reformation who was responsible for creating the Council of Trent to reform the church.
Author who advanced the strongest statement of women's rights in A Vindication of the Rights of Women.
German born astronomer who challenged gender norms of the time to become a well known scientist of the time.
An English scientist from a wealthy family who, despite the lack of an advanced education, was able to publish scientific papers in her own name - a rarity in the seventeenth century.
Polish scientist who studied chemistry and physics and is the only person to have been awarded Nobel Prizes in two different fields.
Catherine the Great (Russia)
Prussian born leader of Russia during the 18th century who attempted to embody the principles of Enlightened Absolutism.
Author of an essay that argued against the absolute rule of one person and in favor of natural rights called Two Treatises on Government.
An eighteenth-century philosophical movement of intellectuals who were greatly impressed with the achievements of the Scientific Revolution.
Scottish philosopher who utilized the empirical ideals of Isaac Newton to build an empirical idea of philosophy.
17th and 18th century physicist and mathematician whose work would be instrumental to modern astronomers and mathematicians.
Philosopher who argued that people authorized government through a social contract which gave irremovable powers to an absolute ruler in his work Leviathan.
Venetian (Italian) explorer who traveled extensively throughout China during the 13th century.
Italian explorer who sailed to what is now Canada and claimed it for England before coming to an unknown end while attempting to set up North American trade.
Explorer from Greenland who is credited with, perhaps by accident, becoming the first European to visit America circa 1000 CE.
Vasco De Gama
Portuguese explorer who traveled around Africa to find a water route to Asia.
Scottish explorer and missionary who traveled extensively throughout Africa during the 19th century in an effort to spread Christianity and trade.
Women intellectuals and leaders
Marie Curie was a scientist and mathematician. She was Born in Warsaw Poland, and died in france. She lived in the 19th and 20th century. Her and her husband were awarded a nobel prize for physics. When her husband died, she won the nobel prize for chemistry. She is remembered because she made huge advancements to science because she found radioactivity
Charles V was an absolutist ruler in the 16th century. He was the duke of burgundy and the ruler of the netherlands and spain. He was born in 1500 and died in 1558 of malaria. He was very sickly and suffered from epilepsy, gout, a hereditary disorder, and an enlarged chin disease.
He inherited everything that he had. He is remembered because he ruled over a very large part of europe for a long time.
Philosophy and scientific advancement
Isaac newton was a physicist and mathematician. He developed the principles of modern physics. He lived in the 17th and 18th centuries. He Came up with 3 laws of motion that helped him come up with his theory of gravity. He also theorized that light was made up of particles rather than rays, and wrote the book principia. He is remembered because we still use his theories and ideas today, and was one of the greatest minds in scientific advancement.
Martin luther was a german monk in the 16th century. He was one of the most influential figures in the history of christianity. He was born in germany and died there too. He wrote the 95 theses as a protest against the catholic church. He began the protestant reformation. He is remembered because he started a new branch of religion.
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