10 terms

Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life

Chapter 4 for AP bio
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Structural Isomers
Two molecules that differ in their covalent arrangements
Geometric Isomers
Two molecules that differ in their spatial arrangements
Enantiomers
Two molecules that are mirror images of each other
Hydroxyl
The functional group -OH which is polar and an alcohol
Carbonyl
The functional group C=O that is a Ketone and Aldehyde
Carboxyl
The functional group -COOH that is an acid and polar
Amino
The functional group -NH(subscript)2 that is an amine and a base
Sulfhydryl
The functional group -SH that is a thiol and forms disulfide bridges in proteins
Phosphate
The functional group PO(subscript)3 that includes ATP, DNA, and phospholipids
Methyl
The functional group -CH(subscript)3 that effects the expression of genes