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24 terms

Chapter 9 Vocabulary

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Inaugurated
to swear in or induct into office in a formal ceremony
Federal Judiciary Act
it helped create a court system and gave the Supreme Court six members
Cabinet
A group of department heads who serve as the president's chief advisers.
Tariff
a tax on imported goods
Battle of Fallen Timbers
In 1794, an American army defeated 2,000 Native Americans in a clash over control of the Northwest Territory.
Treaty of Greenville
A 1795 agreement in which 12 Native American tribes surrendered much of present-day Ohio and Indiana to the US government
Whiskey Rebellion
A 1794 protest against the government's tax on whiskey, which was valuable to the livelihood of backcountry farmers
French Revolution
In 1789, the French launched a movement for liberty and equality.
Neutral
not siding with one country or another
Jay's Treaty
An agreement between U.S. and Britain that ended the dispute over American shipping during the French Revolution.
Pinckney's Treaty
1795 between the U.S.and Spain, It gave the U.S.the right to freely travel on the Mississippi River, and the right to store goods at the port of New Orleans without paying custom duties; made the 31st parallel the Southern U.S. boundary
Foreign Policy
Relations with the governments of other countries
Political Party
A group of people that tries to promote its ideas and influence government. It also backs candidates for office
Democratic-Republican Party
was founded by Jefferson and Madison
Federalist Party
was founded by Hamilton and his friends
XYZ Affair
a 1797 incident in which French officials demanded a bribe from US diplomats
Alien and Sedition Acts
a series of 4 laws enacted in 1798 to reduce the political power of recent immigrants to the United States
states' rights
A theory that said that states had the right to judge when the federal government had passed an unconstitutional law.
Republic
a government having a chief of state who is not a monarch, a government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them and governing according to law
Political Party
group of people that supports a candidate running for a government position
Foreign Policy
relations with governments of other countries
Isolationism
policy of non-participation in international economic and/or political relations
Neutrality
the state of remaining independent and not forming political alliances with other countries
Interventionism
the theory or practice of intervening; governmental interference in political affairs of another country