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to swear in or induct into office in a formal ceremony

Federal Judiciary Act

it helped create a court system and gave the Supreme Court six members


A group of department heads who serve as the president's chief advisers.


a tax on imported goods

Battle of Fallen Timbers

In 1794, an American army defeated 2,000 Native Americans in a clash over control of the Northwest Territory.

Treaty of Greenville

A 1795 agreement in which 12 Native American tribes surrendered much of present-day Ohio and Indiana to the US government

Whiskey Rebellion

A 1794 protest against the government's tax on whiskey, which was valuable to the livelihood of backcountry farmers

French Revolution

In 1789, the French launched a movement for liberty and equality.


not siding with one country or another

Jay's Treaty

An agreement between U.S. and Britain that ended the dispute over American shipping during the French Revolution.

Pinckney's Treaty

1795 between the U.S.and Spain, It gave the U.S.the right to freely travel on the Mississippi River, and the right to store goods at the port of New Orleans without paying custom duties; made the 31st parallel the Southern U.S. boundary

Foreign Policy

Relations with the governments of other countries

Political Party

A group of people that tries to promote its ideas and influence government. It also backs candidates for office

Democratic-Republican Party

was founded by Jefferson and Madison

Federalist Party

was founded by Hamilton and his friends

XYZ Affair

a 1797 incident in which French officials demanded a bribe from US diplomats

Alien and Sedition Acts

a series of 4 laws enacted in 1798 to reduce the political power of recent immigrants to the United States

states' rights

A theory that said that states had the right to judge when the federal government had passed an unconstitutional law.


a government having a chief of state who is not a monarch, a government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them and governing according to law

Political Party

group of people that supports a candidate running for a government position

Foreign Policy

relations with governments of other countries


policy of non-participation in international economic and/or political relations


the state of remaining independent and not forming political alliances with other countries


the theory or practice of intervening; governmental interference in political affairs of another country

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