Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Disorders and treatments
Terms in this set (45)
Statistical Rarity; Subjective Distress; Impairment; Societal Disapproval; Biological Dysfunction
uncommon in the population. Like Schizophrenia.
mood and anxiety disorders produce emotional pain for individuals afflicted with them.
peoples ability to function in everyday life
Society doesn't approve with the mental disorders
What is the purpose of DSM
(Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) diagnostic system containing the American Psychiatric Association(APA) criteria for mental disorders
What are some of the advantages of using DSM?
being able to diagnose a person correctly
What are some of the problems using DSM?
Some are based on scientific findings and others are based largely on subjective committee decisions.
high level of comorbidity (two or more diagnoses within the same person) among many of its diagnoses.
Model in which a mental disorder differs from normal functioning in kind rather than degree
model in which a mental disorder differs form normal functioning in degree rather than kind.
Frequent fearful thoughts about what might happen
Intense fear of an objet or situation thats greatly out of proportion to its actual threat
How do phobias differed from fears?
A fear is something that has happened or you don't want to happen, has an excuse. Phobias are just created in the mind.
What is PTSD?
marked emotional disturbance after experiencing or witnessing a severely stressful event.
What are symptoms of PTSD?
Flashbacks; efforts to avoid feelings, thoughts, places, and conversations associated with the trauma; Recurrent dreams of the trauma; and increased arousal, such as sleep difficulties and startling easily.
What is OCD?
Condition marked by repeated and lengthy immersion in obsessions, compulsions, or both.
How do obsessions differ from compulsions?
Compulsions reduce or precent distress or relieve shame and guilt. An obsession is "Making things right"
What is the function of compulsions in this disorder?
repetitive behaviors or mental acts that undertake to reduce or prevent distress or relieve shame and guilt.
State in which a person experiences a lingering depressed mood or diminished interest in pleasurable activities, along with symptoms that include weight loss and sleep difficulties.
How does major depression differ from being sad
Being sad you get over it and become happy again. Depression is a constant thing and it doesn't change.
When mood goes between extremes.Very depressed, to being extremely happy
experience marked by dramatically elevated mood, decreased need for sleep, increased energy, inflated self-esteem, increased talkativeness, and irresponsible behavior
Talking to a person with depression about suicide often makes them more likely to commit the act
talking to a person with depression about suicide makes them more likely to obtain help
Most people who threatened suicide are seeking attention.
Although attention seeking motivates some suicidal behaviors, most suicidal acts them from severe depression and hopelessness.
People who talk a lot about suicide almost never commit it.
Talking about suicide is associated with a considerably greater risk of suicide.
condition in which personality traits, appearing first in adolescence, are inflexible, stable, expressed in a wide variety of situation, and lead to distress or impairment.
Borderline personality disorder
Condition marked by extreme instability in mood, identity, and impulse.
dissociative identity disorder
Condition characterized by the presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states that recurrently take control of the persons behavior.
What is the controversy regarding the existence of Dissociative Identity Disorder?
Could it be caused by trauma? Could you have had something happen in your childhood, physical, sexual abuse or both, to cause you to have multiple personalities.
what are the four types of schizophrenia?
Delusions: Fixed false beliefs; Hallucinations: False Perceptions; Disorganized Speech; The Family and Expressed Emotion.
Delusions: Fixed False Beliefs
Strongly held, fixed belief that has no basis in reality
Hallucinations: False Perceptions
Sensory perception that occurs in the absence of an external stimulus
Grossly Disorganized Behavior and Catatonia
Motor problem, including extreme resistance to complying with simple suggestions, holding the body in bizarre or rigid postures, or curling up in a fetal position.
First and third approached in psychodynamic therapy
Free Association: Clients lie on the couch and talk about whatever comes to mind
Dream Analysis: Going through your dreams to figure out what they mean.
Therapy centering on the clients goals and ways of solving problems
getting them into something they don't like slowly but surly.
How does flooding differ from graduated exposure?
flooding; presenting clients with their worst fear instead of graduating them with it slowly.
technique in which the therapist first models a problematic situation and then guides the client through steps to cope with it unassisted.
How does Ellis' rational emotive behavior therapy and becks cognitive therapy attempt to treat mental disorders
the ABC's: (A) Activating Event (B) Beliefs (C) Consequences
getting clients such as those who are depressed, to participate in reinforcing activities
Empirically Supported Treatments (EST)
intervention for specific disorders supported by high quality scientific evidence.
What is the most common biological treatment?
the use of medication to treat psychological problems.
Three cautions about drug treatments
"One dose doesn't fit all" "Medications on trial" "Overdose"
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
patients receive brief electrical pulses to the brain that produce a seizure to treat serious psychological problems.
When is ECT used?
When a patient has sever depression and other methods were tried first and failed.
Recommended textbook explanations
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
A Concise Introduction To Logic (Mindtap Course List)
Lori Watson, Patrick J. Hurley
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
Bundle: A Concise Introduction To Logic Aplia 1 Term Printed Access Card
Patrick J. Hurley
Sets found in the same folder
Unit 4 Psychology
Make up exam 1
Sets with similar terms
Psych chapter 15
Psychological Disorders and Therapies
Chapter 15 (Psychological Disorders)
Psychology Unit 8: Disorders and Treatments
Other Quizlet sets
Bible Quizzing - General Questions - Acts 19
Bio Exam #3.
Anatomy Exam #4