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A person who takes extreme political positions


the act of seizing by force

Judiciary Act of 1801

a law that increased the number of federal judges, allowing President John Adams to fill most of the new spots with Federalists

Embargo Act of 1807

an act that stated that American ships were no longer allowed to sail to foreign ports, and it also closed American ports to British ships.

John Marshall

2nd chief Justice of the Supreme Court, he served in that position for over 30 years. He was a federalist and upheld federal authority and strengthened federal courts.


A Shawnee chief that led Native American resistance to white rule in the Ohio River Valley

War Hawk

a westerner who supported the War of 1812

Oliver Hazard Perry

He was the commander of the American fleet on the Great Lakes during the War of 1812. He was able to defeat the British Fleet.


she was a Shoshone woman whose language skills and knowledge of geography were of great value to Lewis and Clark. She joined their expedition in the spring of 1805 with her baby and her husband , a French trapper

William Clark

the young Army Lieutenant selected to oversee the volunteer force on the expedition into the Louisiana Territory. Clark was also a skilled mapmaker and outdoorsman

Meriwether Lewis

the young Army Captain President Jefferson chose to lead the expedition into the Louisiana Territory.

Lewis and Clark expedition

a group led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark who explored the lands of the Louisiana Purchase beginning in 1803

Zebulon Pike

an explore who left St. Louis in 1806 looking for the source of the Arkansas and Red River. Explored the Rocky Mts. and was arrested by the Spanish for trespassing on their territory. Was released and returned to the US in 1807

Battle of the Thames

An American victory over the British in the war of 1812, which ended the British threat to the Northwest Territory

judicial review

the principle that the Supreme Court has the final say in interpreting the Constitution

Francis Scott Key

A Washington lawyer, who was a prisoner on a British ship in Baltimore harbor during the battle for Ft. McHenry. He watched the battle all night and to his surprise the American Flag was still flying in the morning. This inspired him to write what became the National Anthem, the Star-Spangled Banner.


something that contradicts the law of the Constitution

Louisiana Purchase

the 1803 purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France

Marbury v. Madison

an 1803 case in which the Supreme Court ruled that it had the power to abolish laws by declaring them unconstitutional

Treaty of Ghent

treaty, signed in 1814, which ended the War of 1812; no territory exchanged hands and trade disputes were not resolved.

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