CompTia IT Fundamentals
Terms in this set (100)
Connect all components together
Purpose of the motherboard
Temporary data storage
Purpose of ram
Removable data storage
Purpose of optical discs
Create other user accounts
The next step in the basic workstation setup process, after running softwares and security updates
The most common connector used today for keyboards and mice
Partition Hard Drive
The first step to storing files on a hard drive
Enter the wireless password
When setting up a wireless connection on a mobile device, what is the step after locating the SSID?
NICs and Modems
Two types of communications expansion cards
Using current version
What should be true about a Web browser's version before you use it?
Expansion card that produces images and might have its own GPU
Video connector that has 3 plugs
Air and liquid cooling
Two methods used to cool processors
Type of biometric sensor on newer mobile devices
DVD SS DL has more capacity than DVD DS SL (True/False)
ext3, ext4, and XFS
Three common Linux file systems
Number of megabytes in a gigabyte
BlackBerry have _ keyboards
What is RAID 0?
CD-ROM from the manufacturer or download from the Internet
What are two locations from which you might receive an installation file?
When a system runs out of RAM, what does it use next?
To process data
What is the purpose of the CPU?
What is a DDR3 DIMM?
Videoconferencing and instant messaging and considered _ software
Color inkjet printers use ink cartridges called
User account that should be disabled for security purposes unless it is being used
The oldest computer display devices are
Not bent, or slightly bent
When placing a keyboard or mouse for a user, according to proper ergonomics, how should the user's wrists be?
Mouse, TouchPad, joystick, stylus pen, trackball are examples of what type of device?
External storage devices
Flashdrives and NAS are examples of what?
File names and sizes are examples of what?
What is the most common video connector, also used with televisions?
If you want your Mac OS to be continously updated, what do you need to configure?
The _ port was also called the printer port
What is the proper disposal method for CRT monitors?
Twisted-pair network cables have a(n) _ connector at the end
Which is fastest backup storage location option? Local, Network, Cloud
FireWire and Thunderbolt
Which two external connector types were developed by Apple?
Which power device allows you to plug in multiple components and offers power surge protection?
Network Attached Storage or NAS
A device that has multiple external hard drives and network capability is called a what?
A storage solution connected to the network, with its own file management software,
A program that runs on top of the OS and allows the user to issue commands is what?
A network with no servers and eight workstations is referred to as a _ network
The identity that you are known by when you log in is your
At or slightly below user's elbow
Proper mouse and keyboard placement is where, according to ergonomics?
Used to monitor system health in Windows
A version of Linux
What is the most secure? Wired, Wireless, or Cellular
Mac OS X
Operating system named after big cats or California locations,
Long-term data storage
Purpose of HDDs and SSDs?
Converting from AC power to DC power for system components is the purpose of what?
Expansion card that communicates with other computers over telephone line
Audio or sound card
Which expansion card would you plug speakers into?
Heat sink and a fan
Air cooling for processors usually involves which two components?
Which optical disc stores the most data?
Faster startup, faster read times, less power consumption and heat, silent, more reliable, higher data density are some benefits of what type of drive?
What is RAID 1?
SODIMM (or MicroDIMM)
What type of RAM chips do laptops use?
Uses a powdery substance to produce images
Uses heat to burn images into paper
Replaced CRTs as the most common type of display device
First commonly used digital video connector
USB, FireWire, eSata, Thunderbolt
Popular connectors for external hard drives
Name of the round connector for mouse and keyboards
Telephone cables have a(n) _ connector at the end
Another name for serial port
Displays devices that have input as well
The central part of the operating system
Five Basic Functions of an OS
Interface between the user and the hardware, coordinate hardware components, provide an environment for software to run, monitor system health, and display file and directory structure
CPU needed to run a 64-bit OS
Open source workstation OS
Mac OS X
Current Macintosh OS Name
Microsoft's workstation OS
Google's workstation OS
A netbook with Chrome OS installed on it
Default OS on an iPhone or iPad
Google's Mobile OS and versions were named after sweet treats
OS commonly associated with smartphones with physical keyboards
Determines how files are stored on a hard drive
FAT and NTFS
Two file systems typically associated with Windows
File system typically associated with Mac OS X
Command that creates a duplicate file in a new location on the hard drive
Pointer to a file to make it easier to open
Keyboard shortcut in Windows to Copy
Allows to customize a computer for a user with disabilities
A picture taken of a window on the computer screen
Type of software such word processing and spreadsheet programs
Local, Wide, Personal, Metropolitan
Four types of Network
A network located in one location
A network that spans geographical locations
Client-server or domain
A model of network with dedicated servers
A DAS is a hard drive attached to a(n) _
Crossover Cable and USB Direct Link Cable
Two best ways to physically link computers
Technology that creates ad hoc networks for file transfers
Flashing the Bios
Replacing a BIOS Contents is often to referred to as _
VGA cables have been around since when?
Windows 7 or newer
Operating Systems that can participate in a homegroup
Network sharing method that requires a password to join and does not require user accounts for all users on all computers
Limit on the number of computers in a homegroup
20 (10 if being practical)
Limit on the number of computers in a workgroup
Red, Green, Blue
Colors of Component connecter
First Account when installing Windows