Terms in this set (40)
discipline of classifying organisms and assigning each organism a universally accepted name
classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
group of closely related species, and the first part of the scientific name in binomial nomenclature
group or level of organization into which organisms are classified
group of genera that share many characteristics
group of similar families
group of similar orders
group of closely related classes
large taxonomic group, consisting of closely related phyla
the study of evolutionary relationships among organisms
method of grouping organisms together according to their evolutionary history
diagram that shows the evolutionary relationships among a group of organisms
kingdom of unicellular prokaryotes whose cell walls are made up of peptidoglycan
domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls containing peptidoglycans
domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that do not contain peptidoglycan
kingdom of unicellular prokaryotes whose cell walls do not contain peptidoglycan
domain of all organisms whose cells have nuclei, including protists, plants, fungi, and animals
most inclusive taxonomic category; larger than a kingdom
bacteria and archaea
two unicellular prokaryotes
what kind of climate do archaebacteria live in?
protista, fungi, plantae, animalia
the domain eukarya is divided into what 4 kingdoms?
this kingdom is multicellular, feed on plants or animals, and are ingestive heterotrophs `
this kingdom is multicellular, autotrophic, absorbs light to make glucose, cell walls made of cellulose
homologous structures, similar embryo development, molecular similarity in DNA, RNA, or amino acid sequence of proteins
list 3 ways in which modern taxonomy is used
unicellular or multicellular, either autotrophic or heterotrophic, aquatic
multicellular except yeast, absorptive heterotrophs, cell walls made of chitin
digest food outside their body and then absorb it
known as the "Father of Taxonomy"
was the first to use Latin for naming, botanist whose names were very long descriptions telling everything about the plant
live in sewage treatment plants and reside in the archaea domain
the cell walls of fungi are made of what?
live in salty conditions
used to identify organisms, the characters are given in pairs and you read both characteristics and either go to another set of characteristics or identify the organism
this person first arranged organisms into plants and animals, then sub-divided them by their habitat
Have all the species on earth been identified?
how many known species are there?
classification is also know as what?
all organisms in the kingdoms protista, plantae, fungi, and animalia are what?
domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
list the 8 kingdoms in order
organisms that can live in high temperatures