5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Dartmouth College v. Woodward
- Near v Minnesota (1925)
- U.S. v. Lopez (1995)
- Gibbons v. Ogden
- McCulloch v. Maryland
- a 1819--New Hampshire had attempted to take over Dartmouth College by revising its colonial charter. The Court ruled that the charter was protected under the contract clause of the U. S. Constitution; upholds the sanctity of contracts.
- b 1824--Clarified the commerce clause and affirmed Congressional power over interstate commerce.
- c Case centered on censorship - government cannot censor something (newspapers) because that restricts freedom of the press. Main issue was government officials were being criticized and wanted to censor the criticism.
- d Gun Free School Zones Act exceeded Congress' authority to regulate interstate commerce.
- e 1819--The Court ruled that states cannot tax the federal government, i.e. the Bank of the United States; the phrase "the power to tax is the power to destroy"; confirmed the constitutionality of the Bank of the United States.
5 Multiple choice questions
- More leeway for states in regulation abortion, though no overturning of Roe v. Wade. Upholds MO law prohibiting abortion in public hospitals; shift in composition of court. (Later cases allow 24-hour waiting periods, parental consent for minors, etc.)
- 1964--Ruled that a defendant must be allowed access to a lawyer before questioning by police.
- 1965 decision that the Constitution implicitily guarantees citizens' right to privacy.
- 1896 ruling that separate but equal facilities for different races were not unconstitutional.
- 1974--The court rejected Richard Nixon's claim to an absolutely unqualified privilege against any judicial process.
5 True/False questions
Gitlow v. New York (1925) → NO racial gerrymandering; race cannot be the sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative boundaries; majority-minority districts.
Buckley v. Valeo (1976) → 1st Amendment protects campaign spending; legislatures can limit contributions, but not how much one spends of his own money on campaigns.
Schenck v. United States → 1919--Case involving limits on free speech. Established the "clear and present danger" principle.
Tinker v. Des Moines (1969) → "One man, one vote." Ordered state legislative districts to be as near equal as possible in population; Warren Court's judicial activism.
Palko v Connecticut (1937 → Provided test for determining which parts of Bill of Rights should be federalized - those which are implicitly or explicitly necessary for liberty to exist.