18 terms

Roman Architecture

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Rome
Very grand, surrounded by 7 hills for protection, lots of impressive buildings.
forum
Center or nucleus of the city, business/social center, rectangular open space.
Basillica
Surrounded the forum, long open structures supported by columns, open air meeting place.
Forum Romanum
Chief market place of Rome and the oldest/greatest forum.
concrete
Romans created, mixed volcanic dust and lime mortar, used as core for walls.
Etruscan arch
Romans adopted it and used it in different ways.
vault
Putting a series of arches side by side.
dome
Several arches crossing in different directions and intersecting in the center.
bridges
Series of arches joined in line, built across a valley and/or river.
aquaduct
1-3 levels of joining arches, carried water in and out of the city.
Triumphal arch
Vaulted arches for the glory of the emperor or to represent victories.
Corinthian columns
Copied from Greeks, decorated buildings.
Colosseum
The most famous amphitheater.
Temple
A closed structure built on high a platform with a column porch in front.
Pantheon
A temple dedicated to all gods.
Atrium
Center of the house - living room.
Compluvium
A hole in the ceiling of the atrium.
Impluvium
A pool under the compluvium.