Computer Concepts Chapter 3
Terms in this set (45)
_____ can be described as end user software and is used to accomplish a variety of tasks
general purpose applications, specialized applications, and mobile apps
3 categories of application software
general purpose application
One category, _______ applications, includes word processing programs, spreadsheets, presentation graphics, and database management systems.
Another category, _____, includes thousands of other programs that tend to be more narrowly focused and used in specific disciplines and occupations.
The third category, _____, is add-on features or programs typically designed for smartphones and tablets.
A _____ is the portion of the application that allows you to control and to interact with the program.
Most general-purpose applications use a mouse and a graphical user interface (GUI) that displays graphical elements called_____ to represent familiar objects.
The mouse controls a _____on the screen that is used to select items such as icons.
Another feature is the use of _____ to display information. A ____is simply a rectangular area that can contain a document, program, or message. (Do not confuse the term ______ with the various versions of Microsoft's Windows operating systems, which are programs.) More than one _____ can be opened and displayed on the computer screen at one time.
_____ present commands that are typically displayed in a menu bar at the top of the screen.
_____ typically appear below the menu bar and include small graphic elements called buttons that provide shortcuts for quick access to commonly used commands.
_____provide additional information and request user input
Many applications, and Microsoft applications in particular, use an interface known as the _____I to make it easier to find and use all the features of an application; this ____ uses a system of ribbons, tabs, and galleries.
_____ replace menus and toolbars by organizing commonly used commands into a set of tabs. These tabs display command buttons that are the most relevant to the tasks being performed by the user.
_____ are used to divide the ribbon into major activity areas. Each ____ is then organized into groups that contain related items. Some_____, called contextual ____, appear only when they are needed and anticipate the next operation to be performed by the user.
_____ simplify the process of making a selection from a list of alternatives. This is accomplished by graphically displaying the effect of alternatives before being selected.
looks for misspelled words.
centers, right-aligns, or left-aligns numbers and characters.
fonts and sizes
specify the size and style of entered numbers and text.
provide a variety of different typefaces, such as bold or italics.
provide easy ways to edit text, such as cut, copy, and paste.
_____ create text-based documents and are one of the most flexible and widely used software tools. All types of people and organizations use ______ to create memos, letters, and faxes.
_____ organize, analyze, and graph numeric data such as budgets and financial reports.
_______ are programs that combine a variety of visual objects to create attractive, visually interesting presentations. They are excellent tools to communicate a message and to persuade people.
A _____ is a collection of related data. It is the electronic equivalent of a file cabinet.
database management system
A ______or database manager is a program that sets up, or structures, a database. It also provides tools to enter, edit, and retrieve data from the database.
While general-purpose applications are widely used in nearly every profession,______`applications are widely used within specific professions. These programs include graphics programs and web authoring programs
_____ are widely used by professionals in the graphic arts profession. They use desktop publishing programs, image editing programs, illustration programs, and video editors.
Desktop publishing programs
_____, or page layout programs, allow you to mix text and graphics to create publications of professional quality. Adobe InDesign, Microsoft Publisher, and QuarkXPress
_____, also known as photo editors, are specialized graphics programs for editing or modifying digital photographs. Photographs consist of thousands of pixels that form images known as bitmaps or raster images. Popular _____ include Adobe Photoshop, Corel PaintShop Pro, GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program), and Windows Photo Gallery.
_____, also known as drawing programs, are used to create and edit vector images. While bitmap images use pixels to represent images, vector images, also known as vector illustrations, use geometric shapes or objects. Created by connecting lines and curves. Defined by mathematical equations. Popular programs include Adobe illustrator, CorelDraw, and inkscape
______ are used to edit videos to enhance quality and appearance. Once used only by Hollywood professionals, ____ are now widely used to edit high-quality video captured using smartphones and other devices
Video game design software
_______ will help you organize your thoughts and guide you through the game design process including character development and environmental design. Free/ inexpensive design software include YoYo Gamemaker, Stencyl, and Unity
Creating a site is called _____
online diary/ commentaries
web authoring programs
typically used to create commercial sites
web page editors and HTML
More specialized and powerful programs, called web authoring programs, are typically used to create sophisticated commercial sites. Also known as _____ and _____ editors, these programs provide support for website design and HTML coding.
Some web authoring programs are _____ (what you see is what you get) editors, which means you can build a page without interacting directly with HTML code. ______editors preview the page described by HTML code.
Mobile apps or mobile applications
_____ are add-on programs for a variety of mobile devices including smartphones and tablets
An _____ is typically a website that provides access to specific mobile apps that can be downloaded either for a nominal fee or free of charge.
A _____ is a collection of separate application programs bundled together and made available as a group. Four types of suites are office suites, cloud suites, specialized suites, and utility suites.
______, also known as office software suites and productivity suites, contain general-purpose application programs that are typically used in a business situation. Productivity suites commonly include a word processor, spreadsheet, database manager, and a presentation application
_____ or online office suites are stored at a server on the Internet and are available anywhere you can access the Internet. Documents created using online applications can also be stored online, making it easy to share and collaborate on documents with others.
_____ focus on specific applications. These include graphics suites like CorelDRAW Graphics Suite X6, financial planning suites like Moneytree Software's TOTAL Planning Suite, and many others.
_____ include a variety of programs designed to make computing easier and safer. Two of the best known are Norton SystemWorks and Norton Internet Security Suite. (Utility suites will be discussed in detail in Chapter 4.)
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