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36 terms

AP Music Theory Review Chp 10

Melodic composition
STUDY
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unstable to stable
The melody should move from ____ tones.
four measures
usual length of a phrase, if it is concluded with a cadence
first phrase of a pair with a weaker cadence and the second with a stronger harmonic conclusion
antecedent-consequent relationship
period
antecedent-consequent group is called a ____
half, authentic
most common antecedent - consequent ending
begin identically or second phrase is a variation of the first phrase
parallel period
a parallel period, with second phrase exactly the same as the first
repeated parallel period
two phrases different from each other
contrasting period
there is no period (A-C relationship)
When two phrases both end with a strong cadence, _____.
group of four phrases where the only PAC appears at the end of the fourth phrase (first two phrases antecedent, second two form consequent)
double period
material added at the beginning of a phrase
introduction (phrase expansion)
material added at the end of a phrase
cadential extension
lengthening the phrases anywhere other than the beginning or the end
internal expansion
when one phrases ends and the next begins simultaneously with one note or chord functioning to overlap the phrases
elision
motive
short group of notes repeated throughout the melody
theme
main musical idea, repeated throughout the composition
leitmotif
a motive associated with a person, idea, or emotion
literal repetition
repeating a melody in the same voice
repeating the original motive starting on a difference pitch (can be exact, maintaining the same intervals with chromatics, or inexact, diatonic repeated intervals)
melodic sequence
imitation of the melody performed upside-down from the original melody (moving in the opposite direction by the same diatonic interval e.g. move up by a third inversion -> move down by a third)
inversion
mirror inversion
inversion with the quality and quantity of the interval preserved
melody played backwards
retrograde
repeating the original melody by at a different place in the beat measure
rhythmic displacement
lengthened rhythms
augmentation
shortened rhythms
diminution
repeating the theme/motif in a different key
modulation
borrowing chords from the parallel key
mode mixture aka modal borrowing
notes that "don't belong" in a chord
non-chord tones
approached by skip in one direction and resolved stepwise in the other direction, weak
def of incomplete neighbor (aka cambiata), occurs in a ____ rhythmic position
two consecutive non-chord tones, first moves up by step from a chord tone, skips down to a NCT, then resolves to the original chord tone
neighboring group aka changing tone aka double-neighbor tone (looks like consecutive upper and lower neighbor without the chord tone in the middle)
appoggiatura
type of incomplete neighbor that leaves by leap and resolves in the opposite direction by step, ACCENTED
echappee
type of incomplete neighbor that leaves chord tone by step then resolves in the opposite direction by leap
retardation
suspended note that resolves upward (suspensions usually resolve down)
anticipation
chord-tone introduced just before the rest of the chord to which it belongs is sounded, "played early"
suspension
note in the preparation chord held over, creating momentary ACCENTED dissonance, resolved downward by step to the resolution
bass
suspensions are named by the interval above the ____ for the dissonant tone and resolution