Principles and ethics of teaching

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Every Student Succeeds Act
The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) was signed by President Obama on December 10, 2015 and reauthorizes the 50-year-old Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), the nation's national education law.
School Choice
Under No Child Left Behind, students who attend schools that consistently fail to meet state standards have the option to transfer elsewhere.
CRT
Criterion Reference Test
End of Course Test (EOC)
"Final" exam at the end of a course that a student must pass in order to pass the class. Currently, EOC's are required in Algebra I and English 10.
DIBELS
Early elementary reading fluency test
AP
Advanced Placement
Percentile (testing)
Results based on a 100-point scale. If you scored at the 75th percentile, you performed equal to or better than 75% of all others tested.
Benchmark
A goal or standard the school seeks to meet
Dashboard
Large chart found on the wall in the front hallway of each Mobile County Public School that shows how students perform on standardized tests
Quarter
The school calendar is typically broken into four quarters (9-weeks each), with students receiving report cards at the end of each quarter.
Semester
18 weeks
Block Schedule
Students have four 90-minute classes every day, as opposed to having 6 or 7 shorter classes (4 x 4 block)
Modified Block
Changes in the 4 x 4 block schedule (A/B, "skinny's")
ELL
English Language Learner
ESL
English as a Second Language
Family and Consumer Science
Traditionally known as home ec
Certified Employee
School employees who have a teaching certificate and be employed as teachers, administrators, counselors, etc.
Classified Employee
School employees who are not certified (mechanics, bus drivers, clerks, registrars, office staff)
Media Specialist
Librarian
Reading Coach
A teacher assigned to a school to provide one-on-one assistance for struggling students. This teacher also provides assistance to teachers to help them improve reading instruction.
Supplemental Services
Additional academic instruction designed to increase the academic achievement of students in schools that have not met State targets for increasing student achievement (adequate yearly progress) for three or more years. These services may include tutoring and after-school services.
IB Programme
International Baccalaureate Programme-a two-year program of college courses offered on the high school level. Course exams are graded by international experts in their fields.
Magnet School
A school that specializes in a particular academic area
Charter School
A school that is autonomous and operates under a special contract with the SDE
Transformation School
Schools that have a specific theme and a unique curriculum and will either focus on college, career or alternative programming. Transformation Schools have no entrance criteria and admit students through a lottery. They are used to "transform" previously failing schools.
Comprehensive High School
Serve the needs of all students, as compared to other nations in which examinations are used to sort students into different high schools according to different interests
Middle School Concept
Middle schools designed to meet the unique developmental needs of early adolescents by providing a nurturing, community-like environment
Career-Technical (or Tech-Prep)
Classes that prepare students in careers such as automotive mechanics, health sciences, carpentry, etc. Students often take such courses at a technical center
Dual Enrollment
Program that allows high school students to take a college course
Heterogeneous Grouping
Having a variety of students in a class
Homogeneous Grouping
Having similar students in a class
Tracking
Separating students by ability
Team Teaching
Two or more teachers simultaneously providing instruction to students in the same classroom.
Teaching Team
A collaborative team of teachers from different disciplines who work together to plan curriculum for a common group of students
Core Curriculum
English/Language Arts (ELA), Math, Science, Social Studies
School-Within-A-School
Separating a segment of the student population from the general population of students
Looping
A cohort of students and teachers remain together as a group for several years.
Internal Locus of Control
Individual believes that his/her behavior is guided by personal decisions and efforts.
External Locus of Control
Individual believes that his/her behavior is guided by fate, luck, or other external circumstances
Learning Modality
The sensory portal by which a learner prefers to receive sensory perception (visual, auditory, kinesthetic, tactile).
Learning Style
Ways of knowing and processing information
Multicultural Education
Ensuring that students learn to understand and respect differences in culture and background
With-it-ness
An awareness of everything that is going on in the classroom, at all times, by monitoring students for signs of restlessness, frustration, anxiety and off-task behaviors.
LEA
Local Education Agency
SDE(or ALSDE)
(Alabama) State Department of Education
USDOE
United States Department of Education
MCPSS
Mobile County Public-School System
Superintendent
The leader of a school system
Mobile Area Education Foundation
Local organization that raises funds in support of Mobile schools
PTA or PTO
Parent/Teacher Association or Parent/Teacher Organization
Board of School Commissioners
Five-member governing body for MCPSS
Stakeholders
Anyone who has a "stake" in the educational process
Pre-K, K-3, K-4, K-6
Elementary configurations
Reconstitution
Re-staffing of a failing school, including teachers, administrators, and support staff
Retention
When a student is held back because he or she did not make high enough grades
Social Promotion
Promoting students so they can remain with their age-appropriate peers.
Zero Tolerance
No alcohol or drugs allowed; no extenuating circumstances are accepted. Provides specific punishments regardless of the situation.
Proration
The reduction in education funding due to a shortfall in the state's budget
Title I
Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) provides federal money for students who are at-risk and impoverished. Funding is based on the number of students in the school who qualify for free or reduced lunches.
Title IX
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
IEP
Individualized Education Plan
Special Education
Instruction and intervention for students with disabilities
Inclusion
Including students with disabilities in regular classrooms
LD (or SLD)
Learning Disabled (or Specific Learning Disability)
LRE
Least Restrictive Environment (preferred placement of students with disabilities).
ARI
Alabama Reading Initiative
AMSTI
Alabama Math, Science & Technology Initiative
Head Start
A preschool program for impoverished children
RtI
Response to Instruction (a program of systematic intervention for struggling students)
ALEX
Alabama Learning Exchange (web resources for Alabama teachers)
ACCESS
Online courses for Alabama high school and middle school students.
Plan 2020
Alabama's new plan for accountability to the federal government. Focuses on graduation rate.
Educate Alabama
The teacher evaluation system mandated by the SDE.
Highly Qualified
Qualifications required to teach in a state as mandated by the federal government under NCLB.
Tenure
A "guarantee" of a teaching position once a teacher successfully completes a probationary period of teaching. Tenure is attained in Alabama after working successfully for at least three years in an Alabama school system.
EdTPA
A multiple-measure assessment system aligned to state and national standards, including Common Core State Standards, that guides the common goal of making sure new teachers are able to teach each student effectively and improve student achievement. Developed by Stanford University.
NBPTS
National Board of Professional Teaching Standards
NCATE
National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education
INTASC
Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium