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History of Law Enforcement (quiz questions)
Terms in this set (72)
Where was the first recorded police organization established?
The concept of enforcement districts or precincts was contributed by whom?
The ________ was instituted by King William in 1066.
True or false? Police are entrusted to serve and protect the public.
In ________ B.C. the first recorded police organization occurred.
The word police is derived from the greek word ________.
Every male over twelve years of age was required to form a group of ten families called ________.
In 1326, the shire reeve was replaced with the ________.
Justice of the Peace
True or false? Henry Fielding formed "The Bow Street Runners" in 1748.
True of false? Sir Robert Conan Doyle advocated the 12 principles of policing.
What era of law enforcement emphasizes the need for police officers to be in close contact with the public?
Community Model Era
What is a system called where an elected official fired the government employees not loyal to him, and appointed political supporters to those jobs?
The era concerned with stamping out corruption and improving law enforcement efficiency.
The most famous police reformer in the early part of the 20th century was who?
The era that called for the establishment of measures to assist law enforcement agencies to improve their effectiveness and to become more professional.
True or false? The Political Era was when the need for law enforcement to be in close contact with the public was advocated.
True or false? O.W. Wilson helped develop the School of Criminology and the University of California at Berkley.
Who proposed the ideal of motorized patrols?
During which era was a unified law enforcement force established?
True or false? O.W. Wilson introduced the importance of rotating beat assignments in order to fight corruption.
Police are entrusted to ____ and ____ the public by controlling and preventing crime.
Citizen's most common and direct contact with law enforcement are ____.
What was the most effective means of deterring or punishing deviant behavior? This was equivalent to what?
Who represented the first traces of law enforcement practices?
The first recorded police organization has been traced back to ____ around ____ B.C.E. in ____.
Pharaoh Hur Moheb/1340 B.C.E./Egypt
The word police is derived from the Greek word ____.
Politeria is the portion of government that deals with:
Protection of ____ and ____.
Preservation of ____ and ____.
Prevention and suppression of ____.
The Roman Contribution of police occurred during the reign of ____.
The main function of Roman police was the maintenance of ____ and ____.
Roman police were divided into ____ divisions with ____ districts.
The district in the Roman police force represented the first city police ____, a system still used today.
American law enforcement concepts originated in ____ around ____ A.D.
In England justice was primarily a ____ matter sought by victims. It was based on ____ and ____.
King William, following the Norman Conquest in 1066 instituted a form of community policing called the ____.
In England, every male over twelve years of age was required to form a group of ten families called a ____.
In England, ten tithings were grouped together to form a group of one hundred. This hindered was called a ____.
The law enforcement official of a shire was a ____.
In 1285, the statue of Winchester passed, establishing the ____ of protection.
Night watch system
In the night watch system, one man from each parish was selected as ____.
In the night watch system, the constable would draft ____ as watchmen to guard the city at night.
In 1326, the shire reeve was replaced with the office of the ____.
Justice of peace
The justice of peace supervised various law enforcement activities such as ____ crimes, ____ criminals for trial, and ____ night watch system.
The justice of peace lasted until when?
Well into the 1700s
Two important aspects of the justice if peace were that the ____ were the police and the law enforcement organization was ____.
Who founded the "Bow Street Runners" and when?
True of false? The Bow Street Runners were more effective than any other law enforcement of its day.
The Bow Street Runners helped pave a more ____ and ____ response to crime and the apprehension of criminal.
Sir Robert Peel created what?
The Metropolitan Police Department
During Sir Robert Peel's time, a more organized approach to lw enforcement was needed due to thee three things:
In 1829, Sir Robert Peel and the English Parliament mandated a publicly funded police force with the ____.
London Metropolitan Police Act
The London Metropolitan Police Act created a uniformed police force know as "____" or "____" due to Peel's influence.
Sir Robert Peel believed the main function of the police was to ____ without ____.
The 12 Principals of police are made by who and include what?
Sir Robert Peel
1. The police must be stable, efficient, and organized along military lines
2. The police must be under government control
3. The absence of crime will best prove the efficiency of the police
4. The distribution of crime news is essential
5. The deployment of police strength, by both time and area, is essential
6. No quality is more indispensable to a policeman than a perfect command of temper; a quiet, determined manner has more effect than a violent action
7. Good appearance commands respect
8. The securing and training of proper persons is the root of efficiency
9. Public security demands that every police officer be given a number
10. Police headquarters should be centrally located and easily accessible to the people
11. Policemen should be hired on a probationary basis
12. Police records are necessary to the correct distribution of police strength
The four eras of law enforcement are:
The Political Era took place from ____ to ____.
In the Political Era police agencies were established to provide a ____ police force in the major American cities.
The "____" system - the metropolitan police were ____, ____, ____ trained, ____, and frequently ____ to the public the were responsible to serve and protect.
In the Political Era the main way of transportation for officers was what?
When did the Reform Era take place?
The early part of the 20th century
How did the reform era get started?
The middle and upper class was concerned with corruption and they wanted to: stop political patronage, remove law enforcement from politics, and improve efficiency of government, especially in law enforcement.
During the Reform Era modern ____ was introduced to make law enforcement more ____. Police ____ boards were also put in place to reduce local political control over the police.
The administrative boards during the Reform Era were made of ____ responsible for ____ police administrators and ____ police affairs.
The administrative boards during the Reform Era failed why?
Because the people on the board knew nothing about law enforcement.
The Professional Era took place when?
Two important people in the Professional Era were who?
Augustus Vollmer and O.W. Wilson
Augustus Vollmer was ____ of police in Berkley, California. He is the most famous police ____ in the early part of the 20th century. He instituted university ____ for police officers. He also helped to develop the School of ____ at the University of California at Berkley. This school became the model for university-level criminal justice programs around the U.S. He believed that police should be a ____ force.
Vollmer developed six essential elements of policing which are:
1. The police should stay out of politics
2. Members should be well-trained, disciplined, and tightly organized
3. Law should be equally enforced
4. The police should use technological developments
5. Merit should be not the basis for personnel procedures
6. The crime-fighting role should be prominent
O.W. Wilson redacted police form maintenance of order to crime ____, which altered policing more than any other element in the Professional Era. O.W. Wilson was a student of ____. He advocated the use of ____ patrols, ____ communication, and ____ response to aid effective crime fighting. He suggested the use of ____ patrols as the best way to deploy police personnel, and the importance of rotating beat assignments in order to fight police corruption.
The community took place when?
During the Community Era they found:
____ the amount of patrol officers in a neighborhood had ____ effect on crime.
____ does not greatly increase the arrest of criminals
It is difficult if not impossible to improve rates of ____ crimes
During the Community Era in the 1970s there was a movement away from the crime-fighting focus of law enforcement and a greater emphasis on maintaining ____ and providing ____ to the ____.
During the Community Era it was suggested that officers ____ of their patrol cars and spend more time of the streets ____ citizens, while maintaining their ____ role.
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