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chamberlin chapter 7 vocab
Terms in this set (14)
A series of important states that developed in western and central Sudan in the period 500-1600 C.E. in response to the economic opportunities of trans-Saharan trade (especially control of gold production).
Ghana, Mali, Songhay
The largest religious structure in the pre-modern world, construction began on this temple, which is located in modern Cambodia, in the early 1100s C.E. It was built to express a Hindu understanding of the cosmos, centered on a mythical Mt. Meru, the home of the gods in Hindu tradition.
land-based trade routes that linked Eurasia.
A fairly small-scale trade that developed in the twelfth century C.E., exporting West African slaves captured in raids across the Sahara for sale mostly as household servants or concubines.
trans-saharan slave trade
A well-born, wealthy merchant and seaman of Norwegian Viking background, Karlsfeni led an unsuccessful expedition to establish a colony on the coast of what is now Newfoundland, Canada in the early eleventh century C.E.
A Malay kingdom that dominated the Straits of Malacca between 670 and 1025 C.E.; noted for its creation of a native/Indian hybrid culture.
The name given to the massive epidemic that swept Eurasia in the fourteenth century C.E.; it may have been bubonic plague, anthrax, or a collection of epidemic diseases.
A powerful state in the African interior that apparently emerged from the growing trade in gold to the East African coast; flourished between 1250 and 1350 C.E.
An East African civilization that emerged in the eighth century C.E. from a blending of Bantu, Islamic, and other Indian Ocean trade elements
Professional merchants among the Aztecs.
A term used to describe the routes of the trans-Saharan trade in Africa.
A term used to describe the network of trade that linked parts of the pre-Columbian Americas; although less intense and complete than the Afro-Eurasian trade networks, this web nonetheless provided a means of exchange for luxury goods and ideas over large areas.
The largest Buddhist monument ever built, it is a mountainous ten-level monument with an elaborate carving program, probably built in the ninth century C.E. by the Sailendras rulers of central Java; it is an outstanding example of cultural exchange and syncretism.
he world's largest sea-based system of communication and exchange before 1500 C.E., Indian Ocean commerce stretched from southern China to eastern Africa and included not only the exchange of luxury and bulk goods but also the exchange of ideas and crops.
Indian Ocean trading network
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