World Cultures Chapter 2
Terms in this set (21)
finds the location of a place using other surrounding places, or by using cardinal directions
The imaginary line between the north and south poles, about which the Earth rotates
The four cardinal points are north, south, east, and west
A figure on maps to display the orientation of the cardinal directions
A set of values that show an exact position, for example how many degrees east of west of the prime meridian, and north or south of the equator
An imaginary line around the globe, equally dividing the earth into the northern and southern hemisphere
A spherical representation of the earth
Half of the earth, either divided into northern and southern divided by the equator, or eastern and western divided by a meridian
The points that fall between the cardinal directions: Northeast (NE), southeast (SE), southwest (SW), and northwest (NW)
The imaginary lines running parallel to the equator on the globe, showing the distance north or south of the equator; measured in degrees
The imaginary lines running "up-down" on the globe, showing the distance east or west of the prime meridian; measured in degrees
MAP KEY/ MAP LEGEND
Usually in a corner of the map, the "key" or "legend" is a small table of symbols that is used on the map, with their explanations
The different systems of transforming the locations on a sphere into a flat surface (plane)
A map projection (above image) that shows longitude and latitude at right angles; distorts the size and shape of large objects
Meridian; Prime Meridian
An imaginary, longitude line running from the North Pole to the South Pole; the Prime Meridian runs through Greenwich, England. The Prime Meridian is set at o° and divides the earth into the "Western Hemisphere" and the "Eastern Hemisphere"
the northernmost point on the Earth, at 90° north; where the Earth's axis would meet the surface. The South Pole is found in the Arctic Ocean, 4,261 m (13,980 ft) below shifting sea ice.
the southernmost point on Earth, at 90° south; where the Earth's axis would be the surface. The South Pole is found on Antarctica, a continental land mass
The purpose of physical maps is to show geography of land types, bodies of water, and landforms such as deserts, mountains, and arctic regions; see above left image
The purpose of political maps is to show territorial borders, major cities, and capitals; see above right image
Tropic Of Cancer
the circle of latitude on the Earth that marks the most northerly position at which the Sun may appear directly overhead, at the June solstice. Slightly changing every year, in 2013 it lies around 23° 26′ north of the Equator.
Tropic of Capricorn
is the circle of latitude on the Earth that marks the most southerly latitude at which the Sun can be directly overhead, at the December solstice. Also changing slightly every year, in 2013 it lies around 23° 26 south of the Equator.