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36 terms

Elements of Poetry

Mrs. Norton's English Nine Class
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Poetry
a literary form that combines the precise meanings of words with their emotional associations, sounds, and rhythms.
Stanzas
grouping of lines
Couplets
stanzas with two lines
Quatrains
stanzas with four lines
Figurative Language
a way of expressing ideas or feelings in a fresh way
Metaphors
comparing two apparently unlike things
Similes
making comparisons by using connecting words
Personification
language that attributes human qualities to non-human things
Onomatopoeia
the use of a word whose sound imitates its meaning
Imagery
the descriptive language poets use to create word pictures, or images
Sensory Language
the details related to senses
Sound Devices
the way for poets to achieve a musical quality
Rhythm
the pattern created by the stressed and unstressed syllables of words in sequence
Rhyme
the repetition of identical or similar sounds in stressed syllables
Meter
controlled pattern of rhythm
Rhyme Scheme
the pattern of end rhymes
Free Verse
has no set meter or rhyme scheme
Alliteration
the repetition of the initial consonant sounds of words
Assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds in nearby words
Consonance
the repetition of consonants within nearby words in which the separating vowels differ
Repetition
the use of any language element more than once
Narrative
a poem in which the writer tells a story in verse
Epic
a long narrative poem about gods or heroes
Ballad
a songlike narrative about an adventure or a romance
Dramatic
a poem in which the writer tells a story using a character's own thoughts or statements
Lyric
a brief poem in which the author expresses the feelings of a single speaker, creating a single effect on the reader
Haiku
a poem obtaining three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables
Sonnet
a fourteen-line lyric poem with formal patterns of rhyme, rhythm, and line structure
Onomotopoeia (ex)
buzz, hiss, thud, sizzle
Similes (ex)
Say our love is like the sun, not like the moon.
Alliteration (ex)
"dark days"
Allusion
a reference to another work of literature, person, or event
Paradox
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
Assonance (ex)
"child of silence"
Consonance (ex)
"live and love"
Mood
an overall feeling created by the setting, plot, and images