Choral Conducting Terms

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Terms in this set (...)

As fast as possible
Prestissimo
Very Fast
Presto
Fast, quickly
Allegro
Moderately fast
Allegretto
Moderately paced
Moderato
Moderately slow
Andantino
Slow but moving
Andante
Slow
Adagio/ lento
Very slow but moving
Larghetto
Very slow and broad
Largo
Very slow and heavy
Grave (As a tempo marking)
Gradually slower
Ritardando
Gradually slower and broader
Rallentando
Suddenly slower
Ritenudo
Gradually slower and louder
Allargando
Gradually slower and softer
Calando
Sustaining
Sostenuto
Gradually faster
Accelerando
Gradually faster and hastening
Stringendo
More lively
Piu Allegro
More motion
Piu Mosso
Less motion
Meno Mosso
Dying away
Morendo
Taken freely
Tempo Rubato
At pleasure
A piacere
In exact tempo
Tempo giusto
Strict tempo
Alla misura
Freely
Senza misura
Previous tempo (used after a variation in tempo)
A tempo
First tempo
Tempo Primo
Same tempo (beat remains the same through meter changes)
L'istesso tempo
Very soft
Pianissimo
soft
Piano
Moderately soft
Mezzo Piano
Moderately loud
Mezzo forte
Loud
Forte
Very loud
Fortissimo
Loudly-softly
Forte- piano
Loudly accented
Sforzando
Becoming louder
Crescendo
Becoming softer
Decrescendo
Diminishing
Diminuendo
Louder little by little
Crescendo poco a poco
Suddenly soft
Subito piano
Suddenly loud
Subito forte
Becoming much louder
Crescendo molto
Gradually louder, then gradually softer
Crescendo e diminuendo
Sweetly
Dolce
Subdued with voice
Sotto voce
With vigor
Con brio
Animated
Animato
Humorously
Giocoso
Expressively
Espressivo
Gently
Tranquillo
Singing- style
Cantabile
Sad, mournful
Dolente
Solemn
Grave (as character terminology)
With fire
Con fuoco
Lively
Vivace
Heavy
Pesante
Majestic
Maestoso
Playful, jesting
Scherzando
Simple, unaffected
Semplice
Agitated
Agitato
With boldness
Con bravura
Whimsical
A capriccio
With tenderness
Con tenerezza
Accent by rise of pitch, rather than stress
Tonic Accent
Accent by stress or reinforcement
Dynamic accent
Accent on the downbeat
Natural accent
Accent on a beat other than the downbeat, (ex. beat 3 in common time)
Secondary accent
Accent on a normally unaccented beat
Irregular accent
Accent by longer duration of a note
Agogic accent
Accent by forcing/ pressure
Sforzando/ forzando
Accent by strengthening
Rinforzando
Smoothy connected
Legato
Marked emphasis
Marcato
Detached
Staccato
Held, sustained
Tenuto
Slurred staccato
Portato
Very short and detached; equivalent to the staccato from Couperin to Beethoven
Staccatissimo (wedge)
Alternative (other)
Ossia