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The Northern Expedition (1926)
Terms in this set (21)
The Northern Expedition
Internal stability range of Yuan Shikai's Government
Bloody conflict between the British backed General, Wu Peifu of the Wu hand and Central Yangtze and the Japanese backed General, Old Marshal of Manchuria
Chiang Kai Shek's realization that warlord ism was becoming a problem and proposal of the Northern Expedition
Who were the 3 major Warlords?
Wu Pei Fu + Zhang Zoulin + Yan Xishan
What made the warlords so ruthless?
All had private armies + printed their own currency + ruled with iron fists with Tax being asked for 10-20 years in advance
Death of Sun Yat Sen
What was the significance of the death of Sun Yat Sen in relation to the CCP rise?
Sun Yat Sen had the ability to keep the communists' , "Under check" and as a result when the extreme rightist Chiang Kai Shek came to power they became more revolutionary.
Northern Expedition - Chiang Kai Shek states that he will lead a force against the Warlords of China with the overall goal of Unifying China with the force of the N.R.A (Yangtze Valley)
What were Chiang Kai Sheks 3 goals for the Northern Expedition?
1. Protect the welfare of the people
2. Wipe out all reactionary power (Warlords)
3. Implement the three principles of the People (Democracy, Socialism and Nationalism)
According to the Commiterm, why did the CCP join the First United Front in 1926?
Due to both parties sharing a similar goal of unifying china as well as them sharing the belief in the 3 Principles of the People
First United Front
March 20, 1926
Zhongshan Warship Incident - Captain Li Zhilong's failed kidnapping of CKS led to a political struggle and CKS becoming leader of the GMD.
May 30, 1925
May 30th Movement
Significance of the the May 30th Movement
- Protest that had been targeted against Western Imperialism + Warlords
- Crushed under the might of the foreign power present in China --- Large amounts of Anti- Foreign Sentiment built up --- Lead to the GMD + CCP's need for greater military power
- Removal of the Unequal treaties placed on China in 18
May 1, 1924
Sun Yat Sen sets up the Wampoa military academy in Guangzhou and CKS becomes leader
CKS outs CCP officials from their posts + Comintern agents and Wang Jingwei (Left Wing GMD rival)
April 12, 1927
Shanghai Massacre/White Terror - CKS' purge against the CCP in Shanghai - 5,000 communists were either shot or arrested.
December 11-13, 1927
Guangzhou Uprising - failed CCP attempt at reinstating their control in Shanghai -- reactionary to the White Terror purge of April 12th 1927.
March 21-27, 1927
Nanking Incident - all out attack by the United Front forces on the Foreign Settlements in Nanking --- link with the May 30th Movement
September 7, 1927
Autumn Harvest Rising
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