Basic Computer Terminology 1-20
Terms in this set (20)
A place where a user can keep processed data.
Directs the computer to carry out specific tasks.
The combination of bits used to represent a particular letter, number, or special character.
The main chip in your computer. Acts as the computer's "brain" by: carrying out software commands, performing calculations, and talks to different hardware components.
Temporarily stores information inside a computer.
Places all the parts of a file in one location- reduces the time the computer will spend locating the file.
A portable external storage device that plugs into the computer. Typically removable and rewritable.
To start up a computer and load its operating system.
Any part of a computer system that you can see or touch (i.e. keyboard, monitor, mouse, printer, speakers.)
Devices that are used to enter information into the computer's memory (i.e. keyboards, mice, scanners).
1/8 of a byte.
A circuit board that contains all of the computers system's main components and serves to connect all of the parts of a computer together.
A program that enables you to clear your disk of unnecessary files.
The primary device that a computer uses to store the information.
The master program that tells your computer how to interpret information (i.e. Windows 7, OS/2).
A device used to get usable information from your computer (i.e. printers, monitors, speakers).
Keeps data when the power is turned off. Information cannot be erased or changed by the user or by the computer.
Carries out the "housekeeping" duties. Examples include formatting a disk, organizing files, and protecting data (i.e. virus protection).
Electronic instructions that tell your computer what to do.
An electronic device that accepts information and instructions from the user, process data, and displays the data.