Career exploration Unit 2


Terms in this set (...)

(Lesson 2)

How is the U.S> population changing?
The number of older Americans is growing.
People are able to have international careers because of changes in
Global communication.
If dog breeds that require grooming become more popular, then jobs in pet grooming will be
People buy more electric cars to stop pollution. Auto mechanic jobs will be
done differently
(Lesson 3)

When getting to know the job market, you find out
what jobs are available.
You can find out what different careers are like by
interviewing people with different jobs
When looking for a job, you need to write
your resume, cover letters, and job application.
At which step of planning process do you practice job interviewing?
Getting a job
How long will your career require you to keep learning new things?
throughout your career.
(Lesson 4 REVIEW)
What are the 4 types of global change that affect careers?
Population- Growing numbers of people will lead to new and different careers.

Climate and the environment- The job world will change as humans try to address global warming and pollution.

Economics- Shifts in financial power among different regions are accompanied by shifts in career opportunities.

Communications and technology- Innovations in communication and other technology enable more global companies and international careers.
What are the 4 types of change in the U.S. that affect careers?
Population- Careers are changing to meet the needs of more older American and more young newcomers to the country.

Economics- Corporate mergers and other financial changes can affect careers, as can U.S> participation in global trade.

Technology- As in the rest of the world, changing technology can change careers.

Lifestyles- People's preferences in work and leisure habits lead to career shifts.
What 4 ways jobs can be affected by changes in the larger world?
Global, national, or even local changes can cause jobs to be: created, eliminated, moved, and/or done differently.
What are the challenges and benefits of career planing in a changing world?
Challenges include:
-The need to update plans often.
-Difficulty finding job information.
-The need to plan for continuous skill improvements.

Benefits include:
-Having clear goals
-Becoming informed of relevant career information
-Being able to make career decisions more efficiently.
What are the 6 major stages of career planning?
1) Getting to know yourself- Through examination of your skills, interests, personality, and values.

2) Knowing what you want- Decisions about your lifestyle, desires, and research on financial needs to achieve them.

3) Getting to know the job market- Research on available careers and the potential for creating your own career as an entrepreneur.

4) Getting ready for a career- choosing a career to pursue and laying out plans to get the education or training you need to enter a career.

5) Getting a job- Preparing application materials and learning interview and offer negotiation skills.

6) Keeping your career going- Learning effective work habits, researching career trends, and planning for lifelong learning of skills that can transfer from one job to another.

Your personality is
The way you usually think and act.
By creating a list of adjectives that describe yourself you're listing your
personality traits
The personality type theory that gives people codes based on their levels of 4 major traits, including sensing-intuition or thinking-feeling.
Holland code-
The three-letter code that summarizes your three strongest career types.
If your personality is to lead and persuade people your strongest Holland career type is
If your personality is to not be like anyone else and express your uniqueness through paintings your strongest Holland career type is
If your personality is rather shy and prefer to work alone you can use your personality in a work team the best by
volunteering for jobs that don't require much talking, like research or taking notes.
If you analyze how your skills, interests, and personality can contribute to your ability to work on a team you're creating your-
teamwork profile
What is your best team role is you really like taking care of all the details needed to finish up a project.?

Define skills and interests and their relationship to career planning.
Skills- are things you can do.
Interests- are things you like to do.
A good career choice- combines your skills and interests.
Pride experiences-
Pride experiences are the events, accomplishments, and/or activities you have done that made you feel energized, pleased with yourself, and wanting to tell someone "I did it myself!"
Methods that help you remember your pride experiences-
Remembering pride experiences by:
-Looking at yourself
-reviewing old photos, scrapbooks, schoolwork, etc.
-Asking friends and relatives.

You can help yourself remember by organizing your recall process:
-by your age
-by categories
-by location.
What are skills TIPS?-
The initials TIP stands for skills in different categories, skills with:
-Information and Ideas
What are some questions you can ask yourself to help identify your interests?
After reviewing your pride experience stories and skills checklists, you can also ask yourself questions such as the following:
-What school subjects do you like best?
-What would you buy if you were given $500 to spend on something you love to do?
-What would you miss most if you could never do your favorite thing again?
What are the strengths and weaknesses of online career self-assessments?

Usually based on lots of real world data from many people./Cannot provide individual advice for your own unique needs.

Online tests are usually quick and easy to take./Limited answer options can make you give answers that don't exactly fit you.

Results are calculated and reported immediately./Scores are designed to place test-takers into categories, which do not always fit you.

Most rely on social science theories to provide advice with your results./Some theories and general advice may not apply to you.

Test can suggest or reveal new information or ideas./No single test is perfect, and you must evaluate the accuracy of all results.
What is the best way to get most useful information from online career self assessments?
-Take more than one test.
-Keep an open mind about what you can learn.
-Avoid trying to answer so the results will come out the way you want.
-Read all explanations that accompany each test.
-Use test results as sources for your own ideas.
-Combine test results with other sources of information.
How can you choose your favorite skills and interests?
-Look for patterns in your pride experience stories and test results, and not on separate slips of paper all repeated skills/interests.

-Eliminate any skills/interests that clearly are not your favorites, and add any that may be only mentioned once, but you really like.

-Rearrange slips of paper to place the skill/interests in order of importance.
Personality traits-
your individual levels of certain personality characteristics.
Personality types-
groups of people who share similar patterns of traits.
Career types-
groups of people who share similar career interests, skills, personalities, and values.
Teamwork roles-
characteristic ways of contributing to the work of a team.

What are items that may become categories of your budget?
^Entertainment and hobbies-
-Event tickets
-Eating out
-Gear or supplies
-Newspapers, magazines, and books.
^Health care-
-Rent or mortgage
-Car payments
-Car repairs and fuel
-Bus pass
-Bike repairs and gear.
-Electricity and/or gas
-Trash pickup
-Cleaning and repairs
-Hair care
-Other grooming products
-Homeowner's or renter's
-Telephone services
-Cooking equipment
-Travel and vacations
Instrinsic career value-
Things that are part of the basic nature of your work.

Examples: Competition with others, physical risks on the job, opportunities to be creative discovering new knowledge, learning things, public contact, and power or influence over others.
Extrinsic career value-
Things that are part of your job, but don't make up the basic nature of the work.

Examples: Dress code, work hours, coworkers, supervisors, and/or clients, opportunities for promotion, and work-related travel/

Geneva is creating a list of occupations that interest her. What should her list include?
Several careers discovered in a variety of ways.
The major sources of information on possible occupations for you include:
yourself, other people, and print and electronic media.
When you are making a list of careers that interest you, you should always-
note the source of your information, in case you need to find out more.
Public libraries can provide-
Books and other printed information about careers.
Access to internet sites and other electronic materials about careers.
Staff members to help you find materials.
Logan asks his friends, family, teachers, and coaches if they know anybody who can tell him more about a career in which he is interested in. Logan is-
What can you do if you're nervous about an informational interview?
Write your request in a letter or e-mail.
Prepare a script to use during a phone call.
Practice your request before actually making it.
If you're turned down when asking for an informational interview what should you do?
Thank the person anyways. DON"T get angry and quit asking people.
Job meter-
A job meter is used for you to evaluate your continued interest in a potential career.
If you can't find anyone who is doing the job you want to learn about, an alternative to an informational interview is to
use video interviews and online job profiles.

Executive summary-
The United States Business Administration says this is the most important part of a strategic business plan.
What are characteristics of a successful entrepreneur?
Persistence, high energy level, and self confidence.
What was Henry Ford's problem as an entrepeneur?
He had lack of knowledge of the market.
Entrepreneurs more successful in what field?
the field they are most knowledgeable about.
What are important parts of a buiness plan?
Funding request, market analysis, and a company description.
Some of the wrong reasons for wanting to start your own buisness include
Wanting to get rich, hating your job, and/or hating your boss.
One of the 4 core questions when developing a business plan is
Who are the potential customers for your product or service and why will they purchase it from you?
Who founded IKEA?
Ingvar Kamprad
Graphic organizers-
Pictorial or graphical way to organize information and thoughts for understanding, remembering, or writing.
A smart way to find out if you might be entrepreneurial is to
compare/contrast your traits with those of successful entrepreneurs.

Post-secondary options
The choices you have after you have received your secondary (or high school) education.
Internal source
Source from within yourself
External Source
Source from outside of yourself.
Community college
A college usually offering 2 year associate's degrees, often with open enrollment, cheaper tuition, and smaller classes.
Guidance counselor
A person with access to many databases of information about careers and post-secondary options for students throughout their high school year.
Occupational Information Network's online database of career information.
Bachelor's degree
A 4 year degree, either in arts or sciences.
A form of study in which someone learns a trade from a mentor or role-model
Gap year
A year taken to travel, volunteer, or participate in some other form of learning or work for a purpose.
Graphic organizer
Pictorial or graphical way to organize information and thoughts for understanding, remembering, or writing about.