3rd Science Chapter 1-3 Overview Abeka

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Terms in this set (...)

field guides
Books that show pictures and give information about trees, birds, etc.
pollination
The transfer of pollen from the male parts to the female parts of plants.
goldenrod
Probably the chief source of pollen and nectar for insects in the fall.
pollen
the yellow "dust" that flowers use in producing seeds
nectar
A sweet liquid that flowers make in order to attract insects
drones
males bees (have no stinger and do not work)
queen bee
female bee (mates and lays eggs)
worker bees
female bees (do not mate or lay eggs)
bumblebee
about 2X the size of a honeybee; does NOT die after it stings
yellow jacket
paper wasp- makes nest in ground; has bright yellow and black stripes
ovipositor
egg-laying part of a bee's stinger
larva
immature insect that DOES NOT look like the adult
caterpillar
the larvae of butterflies and moths
migrate
to move from one place to another with the changing seasons
American hover fly
fly that looks like a yellow jacket
drone fly
fly that looks like a honeybee
mimicry
the close resemblance of one plant or animal to another for some purpose
predator
an animal that captures and feeds upon other animals
prey
an animal that a predator eats
food chain
a series of plants and animals, each depending on the next for food
hibernate
sleep through the winter
Christian Konrad Sprenger
discovered pollination
viceroy butterfly
mimics the monarch butterfly
maggots
fly larvae
robber fly
bee killer
goldenrod spider
invertebrate that changes from yellow to white to match its surroundings
invertebrate
an animal without a backbone
camouflage
the ability to blend in with the background
true bug
cannot chew its food; has 2 pairs of wings that cross to form a large V or X
praying mantis
their hard egg cases are sometimes purchased by gardeners because they are good insect hunters
nymphs
insect young that look like small versions of adult insects
grubs
beetle larvae
beetle
has line down its abdomen, tough wing covers, tough armor and chewing mouthparts
goldenrod soldier beetle
beneficial insect; its grubs eat grasshopper eggs, small caterpillars and harmful beetles
locust borer
harmful insect that feeds on the sapwood of the black locust tree
composite family
the largest family of flowering plants
composite
means "made of many parts"
disk
yellow center of the daisy
ray flowers
often mistaken for petals but actually flowers
thistle
a prickly purple composite flower
aster
a composite that may look like a daisy but has more than one flower head per stem
black-eyed Susan
a composite with yellow ray flowers and brown disk flowers
goldfinch
a bird that makes its nest of thistle down
painted lady butterfly
an insect that is often called the thistle butterfly
ragweed
the pollen from this composite often causes hay fever
William Carey
pioneer missionary to India that also loved science
honeybee
insect that dies a few hours after losing its stinger
spider
has eight legs and two body parts
monarch
a butterfly that migrates from Canada to Mexico
fly
has only one pair of wings, which it hold slightly out to its sides when it rests; and its antennae are shorter than its head