WHAP Classical Civilizations: China and India

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Shi Huangdi
founder of the Qin dynasty and China's first emperor
Qin
1st unified imperial Chinese dynasty
Han
Original and main people of China
Zhou
the longest lasting Chinese dynasty
Great Wall
a barrier that linked earlier walls across China's northern frontier
Confucianism
a system of beliefs based on the teachings of Confucius
Legalism
a Chinese philosophy that emphasizes strict obedience to laws
Daoism
a Chinese philosophy that emphasizes living in harmony with nature
Civil Service Examination
Elaborate system of selecting bureaucrats based on merit
Filial Piety
respect shown by children for their parents and elders
Bureaucracy
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials
Harappa
a large ancient city of the Indus civilization, created in present-day Pakistan
Mohenjo-Daro
was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley civilization
Buddha
Means "Enlightened One." He is said to have found a path for overcoming suffering.
Himalayas
The worlds highest mountain range
Monsoon
A strong wind that blows across East Asia at certain times of the year
Sanskrit
written language developed by the Aryans
Varnas
The four social classes in Vedic society
Untouchables
lowest class of people in the caste system of Hinduism, do all the dirty work of society
Karma
the effects that good or bad actions have on a person's soul
Moksha
The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths.
Chandragupta Maurya
military leader who seized control of the entire northern part of India
Mauryan
Empire First empire in India, founded by Chandragupta Maurya
Ashoka
a ruler of the Mauryan Empire who converted to Buddhism
Dharma
In Hindu belief, a person's religious and moral duties
Gupta
Empire Second empire in India, founded by Chandra Gupta
Hinduism
a major religious and cultural tradition of South Asia, developed from Vedic religion.
Buddhism
a relating founded in ancient India by the religious teacher the Buddha
Gurus
hindu teachers
Vishnu
the brahman, later Hindu, god of sacrifice; widely worshiped.
Shiva
A Hindu god considered the destroyer of the world.
Reincarnation
The rebirth of a soul in a new body
Nirvana
A condition of great peace or happiness
Kamasutra
treatise on courtly love, composed during Gupta period, by Vatsyayana.
Stupas
a dome-shaped structure erected as a Buddhist shrine.
Scholar-gentry
Linked to the shi. Passed wealth and status down to their children
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