35 terms

2010-2011 BHS AP Environmental Science Chapter 13 Quiz

2010-2011 BHS AP Environmental Science Chapter 13 Quiz
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Where is most of the marine biodiversity found?
coral reefs
Which of the following is not a major cause for species loss in marine ecosystems?
cruise ships
Approximately ____ of the world's original coastal wetlands have been lost to agriculture and coastal development.
1/2
Which of the following has the most destructive effects on ocean floor ecosystems?
trawl fishing
The depletion of the world's marine fish stocks due to overfishing is a classic example of
the tragedy of the commons
In the United States, over half of the fish extinctions in the last century were driven to extinction by
alien species
Which of the following devices has saved many thousands of sea turtles from shrimp trawlers?
TED
What is CITES?
A treaty controlling the international trade in endangered species
What are cetaceans?
whales and porpoises
Which of the following countries has a significant whaling industry and whale meat market?
Japan
Under the International Whaling Commission's ban on whaling, who is still allowed to harvest whales?
Eskimos
Of the 350 International Biosphere Reserves, how many include coastal marine habitats?
90
Which approach to estimating marine fish populations is the most beneficial to fish populations?
optimum sustained yield
What are the high seas?
ocean areas beyond any country's legal jurisdiction
What has helped to reduce annual wetland loss by up to 75% in the last 30 years?
a federal permit system for dredging or filling wetlands larger than 3 acres
What does mitigation banking accomplish?
requires all wetlands to me protected from development
What is the largest wetlands restoration project?
the Everglades
What federal agency is responsible for undoing the development of the Everglades that the same agency has done since the 1940's?
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Which of the following statements is false?
Rivers are more vulnerable than lakes to contamination by plant nutrients, oil, toxins, and pesticides
What is considered the single greatest threat to the Great Lakes?
Alien species
What destructive organism was introduced into the Great Lakes and has now spread to most of the major river systems in the central and eastern U.S.?
Zebra mussel
The Columbia River is located in the
Pacific Northwest
The world's largest hydroelectric power system is found on the
Columbia River
The dams on the Columbia River did all of the following except
increase the salmon populations
Dams and reservoirs
ALL of these answers (may kill young salmon as they pass through turbines, slow downstream migration, exposing juvenile salmon to more predation, and without ladders prevent upstream migration of mature salmon)
Activities allowed in the national Wild and Scenic Rivers System include all of the following except
motor boating
Under the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, protection can be offered to rivers and river segments with
ALL of these answers (cultural and historical value, wildlife and scenic value, and recreational value)
The agency with responsibility for regulating the whaling industry is the
International Whaling Commission
The practice of "inventing, establishing, and maintaining new habitats to conserve species diversity" in spite of human influence, is referred to as
reconciliation ecology
In the Lake Victoria scenario, the agent that has, so far, been successful in controlling the water hyacinth is a
weevil
So far, only about ____ of the planet's global ocean has been explored.
5%
Biodiversity in the oceans is greatest in the
benthis zone
One possible solution to the invasive species that often "stow away" in the ballast tanks of ships is to inject _____ into the tanks.
nitrogen
The headwater for the Everglades National Park is
Ogallala river
One of the major native plants in the Everglades system is
?