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AP Human Geography-Chapter 8 TEST
Terms in this set (67)
Most populous remaining colony
Where did the 1st nation states appear?
The UN is primarily what type of cooperative effort?
What does the Rio Grande River establish?
Why have we seen an increase in the number of federal states?
because states are becoming ethnically diverse
2 nations that have claimed control of Alsace and Lorraine at various times.
France and Germany
Why do countries claim areas in Antarctica?
What are the problems and advantages of a compact state?
efficient easier communication and administration
does not guarantee peacefulness
What are the problems and advantages of an elongated state?
Access to water sometimes?
poor internal communications
What are the problems and advantages of a prorupted state?
provides access to resources
separates two states that otherwise would share a border
What are the problems and advantages of a perforated state? ENCLAVE
What are the problems and advantages of a fragmented state?
hinders communications and makes integration impossible access to resources
What are the problems and advantages of a landlocked state?
lacks direct outlet to the sea
the effort by one country to establish settlements in a territory and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles on that territory
the process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power
What type of geographic tool did General C. Powell use to make a case for war with Iraq
Be able to identify examples of state shape.
groups operating outside government rather than to those of official government agencies
Examples of physical features used in geographic boundaries.
mountains deserts bodies of water
Why did Germany establish the Caprivi Strip?
disrupted communications among the British colonies of southern Africa
Define supranationalism. Give an example.
Venture involving three or more states for political, economic, military, and cultural objectives. UN EU NATO African Union
An area organized into political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs
What is the primary goal and outcome of the EU?
wants to promote development through economic unity now Western Europe has the wealthiest market in the world
What are the results of the formation of the EU?
wealthiest market in world went to a common currency Euro
a territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent
Describe federal states.
allocates strong power to units of local government within the country
local governments possess more authority to adopt their own laws uses federal system
ability to vote in electoral geography
Achievement of the Alexandrian empire
Romans organized Mesopotania
Define devolution and give an example.
A transfer of powers from a central government to local units British Parliament granting greater powers to the parliaments of Wales Scotland and North Ireland
Explain the relationship between Taiwan and China.
nationalist and communist claim they are the rightful rulers of China some claim that Taiwan is a part of China
Changes in Poland government post communism.
switched from a unitary to a federal system
Some antarctic claims can be described in what 2 ways.
overlapping and conflicting
Approximately how many new sovereign states have appeared in the past 100 years?
When did the African Union replace the OAU?
Post WWI boundaries in Europe were drawn based on what cultural feature?
How is a frontier different than a boundary?
a tangible territory where no state exercises complete political control
The Aozou Strip is an example of what?
Why is Antarctica unique?
only landmass that isn't a sovereign state
What event has led the EU to become a leading superpower?
Soviet Union collapse
What is the world's largest state?
What are the four types of state cooperation?
political economic cultural military
Who founded Al Qaeda?
Name 3 facts about it.
Osama bin Laden
consists of numerous cells
unites Jihad fighters
uses fundamentalist Islam to justify attacks
Describe the British Empire by 1900.
colonies in Middle East and
Why is Korea a good example of a nation state?
it is almost one ethnicity and it wants to unify with South Korea
What are 2 types of boundaries that exist between the US and Canada?
geometric and physical boundary
independence from control of its internal affairs by other states
How has the number of superpowers changed over time?
Before the cold war the world typically contained more than 2 superpowers In WWI 8 superpowers
4 things that make establishing a representative government in Iraq after S. Hussein difficult.
Sunni Shiite, multi tribal ethnic groups, Al Qaeda, problems with Britain
What is The Commonwealth?
it is a regional organization that involves all previous British colonies. they seek economy and cultural cooperation
How does terrorism differ from other forms of political violence?
it targets civilians
Goals of establishing colonies. 3
extract resources and serve as markets
Where are the majority of extremely small states found?
Pacific Ocean and Caribbean
How did UCLA geographers help to try and find a terrorist leader?
using global regional and local scale using geographic ideas and terms and applying them to him
distance decay physical geography theory
his life history
The most populous country not part of the UN?
Why did Afghanistan experience the largest migration of refugees in 1979
What are the types of gerrymandering? & what do each do?
wasted vote spreads supporters across many districts so they are in the minority
excess vote concentrates opposition in a few districts
stacked vote links distant areas of like minded voters
Why did the British create different government structures for various colonies?
helped protect diverse culture local customs and federal system
Describe unitary states.
places where most of the power is in the hands of the central government
strong central government local govs have little to no power
may be democratic but often totalitarian
theoretically small homogenous states
Where were the first city states?
What effects of the ethnic problems can be seen on Cyprus?
separates Greeks and Turks by a buffer zone
very small land areas
A state that has no access to the sea is called a what?
What does the term balance of power mean?
condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries
How do imperialism and colonialism differ?
a colony is legally tied to a sovereign state and doesn't have anyone living there originally, while imperialism is when a countries ideas are forced on the people already living there
Explain the difference in western Sahara and Sahrwi Arab Democratic Republics.
Morocco sees Sahrwi Republic as part of Morocco, not a separate country. While the rest of Africa recognizes Sahrwi as it's own country
What country lost membership in the OAS in 1962 and why?
Cuba because of the Cuban Missile Crisis
Why do terrorist often consider all US citizens justifiable targets?
considers all US citizens doing actions that oppose them
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