WHO leadership priorities
Terms in this set (6)
Universal health coverage
- Relates to all people being able to obtain health services they need regardless of their ability to pay
- provides integrated care focused on meeting the priority health needs of the community (obesity, malaria)
- a system for financing health services so people do not suffer financial hardship when using them. Focuses of services
- afford to train and employ staff
- increasing access to technology
- increasing access to essential medicines (HIV, vaccinations)
(Implementing) International Health Regulations
- countries must work together to reduce the spread of disease including influenza, cholera and emerging diseases such as Ebola
- Factors such as globalisation, environmental degradation, natural disasters and the way food is produced, traded and transported contribute to changing patterns in the spread of disease.
- International Health Regulations (2005). Is a document that outlines the measures that countries should take to reduce the spread of diseases that have the potential to cross borders and threaten people worldwide (airport control, quarantine, and ensuring resources to treat disease outbreaks are readily available
- Leadership role in coordinating response to diseases outbreak
- Includes: sending health workers, developing health systems and providing medications
Increasing access to medical products
- Relates to all people accessing safe, quality, affordable and effective medicines. (focuses on medication)
- New technologies have the potential to make health professionals more effective, health care facilities more efficient, and people more aware of the risks and resources that can influence their health.
- Provides grants for developing ways to increase access
- Developing 'criteria for selection of essential medicines'
- standardise health terminology; This enables different groups to share resources and data from across the world with regard to diagnosis, treatment and the prevention of disease. Ensure that countries use the same names for the same medications so individuals can access the correct medication regardless of the country they are in.
Social, economic and environmental determinants
- relates to social, economic and environmental factors that can contribute to ill health and health inequality
- The social conditions in which people live and work, their status, power, access to human rights and resources are major contributors to global inequities in health. Through this priority, the WHO will continue to collaborate with other sectors to reduce the social, economic and environmental causes of disease and ill health and promote equity
- improved governance for health and development
- participation in policy-making and implementation
- reorientation of the health sector towards promoting health and reducing health inequities
- global governance and collaboration
- monitoring progress and increasing accountability.
Non- communicable diseases (and mental health, violence, injuries and disabilities)
- focus on combating the four major non-communicable diseases, which are CVD's (heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes
- NCD places considerable strain on existing health systems in both developed and developing countries
- Each year, more than five million people die as a result of violence and unintentional injuries. Falls, drowning, burns and poisoning are also significant causes of death
- main risk factors, which are tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol
- Improving access to medicines
- Simplifying treatment of diseases
- Developing products appropriate for use in developing countries
Health-related sustainable Development Goals
- Focuses on goals directly related to health and the importance of sustaining these gains up to and beyond 2030.
- integrate many aspects of our work, particularly building robust health systems and effective health institutions for sustainable and equitable health outcomes.
- Continue/ improve progress
- also includes the elimination of diseases such as poliomyelitis and other selected tropical diseases, and actions to address malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS given their contribution to the global burden of disease and their impact on the most disadvantaged people in the world.
- continues the focus on the reduction of maternal, child and newborn mortality along with the promotion of health and wellbeing
- working to promote universal healthcare
- providing access to essential medicines
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