deletion or addition of nucleotides; shifts reading frame
substitution of wrong nucleotide into DNA; still prodices a protein
susbstitution of wrong nucleotide into DNA that produces an early stop codon
process by which mRNA is synthesixes on a SNA template
introls are spliced out, exons are glued together, 3' poly-A tail, 5' G cap
process by which the mRNA specified squence of aminos acids are lined up on a ribosome for protein synthesis
triple of nucleotides that codes for a particular amino acid
base sequence that signals start site for transcription
protein that prevents the binding of RNA ploymerase to promoter site
molecule that binds to and inactivates a repressor
shorter sequence near the promoter that assists in transcription by interacting with transcription on; when absent, it is off
on/off switch for transcroption
the virus is actively reproducing and kills the host cell
the virus lies dormant within the DNA of the host cell
virus that converts host brain proteins into misshapen proteins
virus that infects bacteria
uptake of foreign DNA from the surronding environment
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