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Cities and Urban Land Use
Terms in this set (29)
Squatter settlements found in the periphery of Latin American cities.
A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that black families will soon move into the neighborhood.
Central Business District
The downtown or nucleus of a city where retail stores, offices, and cultural activities are concentrated; building densities are usually quite high; and transportation systems converge.
Small subdivisions, usually containing between 2,500 and 8,000 persons, delineated by the US Census Bureau as areas of relatively uniform population characteristics, economic status, and living conditions.
the movement of people, capital, services, and govt. into the central city (opposite of suburban sprawl, happened to cities before WWII and is happening now).
Central Place Theory
Walter Christaller's theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
Concentric Zone Model
E.W. Burgess's model which suggests that cities are laid out in rings: 1.Central Business District/ 2.Wholesale and Light Manufacturing/ 3.Low-Class Residential/ 4. Medium-Class Residential/ 5. High-Class Residential.
Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries.
the social process in which population and industry moves from urban centers to outlying districts
the change in density in an urban area from the center to the periphery
a process of change in the use of a house, from single-family owner occupancy to abandonment
Those products or services of an urban economy that are exported outside the city itself, earning income for the community.
non basic sector
the part of a city's economy serving the needs of the city itself, does not earn income for the community
a large node of office and retail activities on the edge of an urban area
a slum community in a Brazilian city
Cities that, because of their geographic location, act as ports of entry and distribution centers for large geographic areas.
the restoration of run-down urban areas by the middle class (resulting in the displacement of lower-income people)
a poor, densely populated city district occupied by a minority ethnic group linked together by economic hardship and social restrictions
The market area surrounding an urban center, which that urban center serves.
the basic systems which support the needs of a community - transportation, communication, and utility systems
urban area around the CBD in North American cities; typically poorer and more run down, with high population density
Cities, mostly characteristic of the developing world, where high population growth and migration have caused them to explode in population since World War II. All megacities are plagued by chaotic and unplanned growth, terrible pollution, and widespread poverty.
an extensive concentration of urbanized settlement formed by a coalescence of several metropolitan areas. The term is commonly applied to the urbanized northeastern seaboard of the U.S. extending from Boston, MA to Washington, D.C.
an aggregation or continuous network of urban communities.
a major population center made up of a large city and the smaller suburbs and towns that surround it
Multiple nuclei model
Harris and Ullman's model of urban development, wherein cities have numerous centers of business and cultural activity instead of one central place.
The populations that occur together in a given place at a given time
an urban area more than twice as large as any other city in its country and that dominates its country's economy, culture, and political affairs
rank size rule
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
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