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Psychology - Learning Chapter
response that takes place in an organism whenever an unconditioned stimulus occurs
stimulus that invariably causes an organism to respond a certain way
is paired with an unconditional stimulus and eventually produces the desired response in an organism when presented alone
after conditioning, the response an organism produces when only a conditioned stimulus is presented
the process by which experience or practice results in a relatively permanent change in behavior or potential behavior
the tupe of learning in which a response naturally elicited by one stimulus comes to be elicited by a different stimulus
type of learning selected in which behaviors are emitted in the presence of specific stimuli to earn rewards or avoid punishment
freud believed that phobias represent this...
whenever a reinforver follows something we do closely we tend to repeat the action, even if the reinforcement is not produced directly by what we have done
using threats of punishment
reinforcing successive approximations to a desired behavior
decrease in the strength or frequency of a learned response
the reappearance of an extinguished response after a passage of time without further training
leaning that depends on mental processes that are not observable, impossible to measure
learning that is not immediately reflected in a behavior change, is stored and used at a later time
learning by observing other people
follows behavior and increases the likelihood that the behavior will be repeated
follows a behavior and decreases the likelihood that the behavior will be repeated
adds something rewarding to a situation
subtracts something unpleasant from the environment
stimulus that is satisfying, a neccessity, and requires no learning
reinforcing power through experience
experimented with operant learning with cats
performed experiment with birds testing superstitution, operant learning