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operationalize a variable
specifying exactly what is to be measured before assigning a value to a variable
An apparent but false relationship between two (or more) variables that is caused by some other variable
holding constant all variables except one in order to see clearly the effect of that variable
the study of society that focuses on the meanings people attach to their social world
the personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female or male
a research method in which subjects respond to a series of statements or questions in a questionnaire or an interview
a research method in which investigators systematically observe people while joining them in their routine activities
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