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18 terms

Types of Meters in Poetry

A meter in writing is a rhythm of accented and unaccented syllables organized into feet, aka patterns. The following flashcards describe the most common meters in literature.
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Iambic
A foot which starts with an unaccented and ends with an accented (stressed) syllable. It is the most common meter in the English Language and naturally falls into everyday conversation.
Trochiaic
A foot (opposite of an iambic meter) that begins with an accented then followed by an unaccented syllable.
Anapestic
A foot which has two unaccented stllables followed by an accented syllable.
Dactylic
A foot including an accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables.
Spondee
A foot consisting of two accented syllables
Pyrrhic
A foot including two unaccented syllables, generally used to vary rhythm.
Monometer
One Foot
Dimeter
Two Feet
Trimeter
Three Feet
Tetrameter
Four Feet
Pentameter
Five Feet
Hexameter
Six Feet
Heptameter
Seven Feet
Iambic
"to BE or NOT to BE" ~ Shakespeare's Hamlet
Trochiaic
"DOUBLE, double, TOIL and TROUBLE." ~ Shakespeare's Macbeth
Anapestic
"I arise and unbuild it again." ~ Shelley's Cloud
Dactylic
Openly...(O-pen-ly)
Spondee
Heartbreak...(Heart-Break)