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APUSH CHAPTER 41

STUDY
PLAY
Voodoo Economics
Reagan promised an "across the board" reduction in income tax rates and capital gains tax rates; George H.W. Bush named this supply-side policy, ______ ________
George McGovern
1972 Democrat nominee; Vietnam conflict; South Dakota; pull troops out in 90 days; Thomas Eagleton (his VP) had undergone psychiatric care, cost him the election
Boll Weevil Democrats
Southern Conservative Democrats wooed to Reagan's side
The Focus of Evil
According to Reagan, the Soviet Union
Strategic Defense Initiative
Star Wars; high-tech missile defense system aimed as orbiting battle stations in space to fire laser beams; defensive, which upset many people
Mikhail Gorbachev
1985 Soviet chairman communist party; glasnost & perestroika
Glasnost
"openness"; free speech & some political liberty to ventilate
Perestroika
"reconstruction"; free-market practices of the capitalist West
Ferdinand Marcos
Dictator of the Philippines, America supported Corazon Aquino in his overthrow 1986
Corazon Aquino
Overthrew Marcos in the Philippines w/ American support 1986
Casper Weinberger
Indictment during Iran-Contra scandal = America sold weapons to Iran in hopes of freeing American hostages in Lebanon & aided the Contras in Nicaragua, even though Congress did not allow this; presidential pardon
The Moral Majority
Against sexual permissiveness, abortion, feminism, and spread of gay rights; 2 - 3 million voters; radio, direct mail, televangelists to reach people in the 80s, millions of dollars, conservative
Jerry Falwell
Reverend evangelical minister who formed the Moral Majority
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services
Upheld a Missouri law that set restrictions on abortions; states can legislate in an area previously forbidden
Planned Parenthood vs Casey
States can restrict abortion as long as no "undue burden"; Don't have to tell husband, but minor must tell parents
Sandra Day O' Connor
Conservative-minded justice to US Supreme Court; first woman to ascent to the high bench
A kindler, gentler America
Bush promised to work for this
Tiananmen Square
Democratic Chinese flourished a "Goddess of Democracy" put down by China's autocratic rulers 1989
START
Bush signed this w/ Boris Yeltsin to reduce nuclear arms by 2/3 in 10 years 1993
Saddam Hussein
Iraqi ruler who overran Kuwait (tiny oil rich desert)
Norman Schwarzkopf
"Stormin Norman!"; American/Allied general; relentless bombing and then suffocate them with troops and armor; vs. Hussein
Operation Desert Storm
"100 hour" war; UN outflanked Iraqi forces in Kuwait and the enemy could not retreat or reinforce; many Iraqui casualties; Feb. 27, Saddam accept cease-fire
The Americans With Disabilities Act
1990; no discrimination against physical/mental disabilities
Anita Hill
Accused black jurist Clarence Thomas of sexual harassment, but he then became the 2nd black person in Congress; applauded for focusing attention on issues of sexual harassment
H. Ross Perot
Independent Presidential candidate from Texas; federal deficit (!!!); never held a public office
J. Danforth Quayle
George Bush's VP
The Brady Bill
1993; gun-control law after James Brady (assistant to president) had been wounded & disabled in an assassination attempt of Reagan
The Branch Davidians, Waco, Texas
Schism w/ Seventh Day Adventists; their property was seized @ Waco by ATF, FBI, and National Guard
Timothy McVeigh
arrested and convicted anti-government extremist; truck bombing that destroyed Oklahoma City building that happened after Waco
Newt Gingrich
outspoken Georgia representative that offered contract w/ America
Contract with America
all-out assault on budget deficits and radical reductions in welfare programs
North American Free Trade Agreement
Clinton; free-trade zone of Mexico, Canada, and US
The World Trade Organization
Clinton; world trade
Yasir Arafat
Palestine Liberation Organization; met w/ Israeli premier Yitzshak Rabin & Clinton @ White House to degree for Palestinian self-rule
Yitzshak Rabin
Israeli premier; Palestine discussions @ White House w/ Arafat
Kenneth Star
Tried to prosecute Clinton for lying under oath in the Jones case but never succeeded in finding evidence
Clinton Impeachment Charges
perjury before a grand jury & obstruction of justice; did not rise to the "high crimes & misdemeanors"
The 2000 Elections
Bush vs. Gore; BUSH