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Lit Terms (Quarter 1/9th grade)
Terms in this set (38)
A person who is responsible for the thoughts and actions within a story, poem, or other literature. Are extremely important because they are the medium through which a reader interacts with a piece of literature.
Considered to be the main character or lead figure in a novel, play, story, or poem. The character or other entity who is the central figure attempting to accomplish something.
Usually a character in a story or poem who deceives, frustrates, or works against the protagonist in some way.
A minor character with one side to the personality or one defining character trait. These characters might not seem very realistic or life-like because so little is known about them.
A believable and complex person with several sides to his/her personality; the character contains varied and sometimes contradictory traits and is lifelike.
A character who doesn't change during the course of a story and has the same personality throughout (the opposite of dynamic character).
A character that experiences a change in character trait(s) during the course of the piece, a change that often results from the conflict(s) in the story. Often the character will have a realization that leads him change in some way.
A character who is portrayed as opposite of another character in a particular way. By putting the two characters next to each other, the contrasting characteristic is emphasized.
A character who is easily recognized as a "type." It wouldn't matter in which story the character appears, he or she is always the same.
The means by which the reader knows who a character really is in terms of background, personality, motivation, etc.
A character's traits are stated directly through dialogue or narration (by the character himself, another character, or the narrator); no inference is necessary.
The writer reveals information about a character and his personality through that character's thoughts, words, and actions, along with how other characters respond to him/her. The reader is left to infer on his or her own.
The issue or issues to be resolved in a story, usually occurring between the protagonist and the antagonist(s) and providing resistance between the protagonist and the achievement of his or her dream(s).
A struggle that takes place within the mind of a character who is torn between opposing feelings or between different courses of action (Person vs Self)
A struggle that takes place between a character and an outside force, such as another character, a force of nature, society or fate. (Person vs Person, Person vs Environment, Person vs Supernatural)
Refers to the sequence of events and happenings that make up a story.
The reader meets the characters and discovers the setting.
Builds the story; a series of steps that lead to the climax. Author reveals more information about conflict and character here.
Emotional highpoint of the story; great change occurs after this point.
After the climax; the plot begins to wrap up in this section of the story.
This part follows quickly after the climax and provides the last pieces of information for the reader.
Point Of View
The manner or perspective from which a story is narrated.
First Person Point Of View
The story is told by the narrator (one who tells a story, the speaker or the "voice" of a written work) from his or her standpoint using "I"
Third Person Limited Point Of View
The narrator is not a character in the story, but a nameless, disconnected voice that tells the story from all the characters' perspectives. The reader is "in the head" of every character.
The time, place, physical details, and circumstances in which a situation occurs. Settings include the background, atmosphere or environment in which characters live and move, and usually include physical characteristics of the surroundings.
The emotional feel of the setting. It is not the feeling of a character or of the reader (see Tone); it describes the feeling of the scene.
An observation about life or people that the author makes through the story.
The attitude that a speaker adopts with regard to a specific character (including him or herself if applicable), place, or event/development.
A reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature.
A narrative technique that allows a writer to present past events during current events, in order to provide background for the current narration.
Used to hint at upcoming details and/or outcomes to the story
An extravagant exaggeration. In literature, such exaggeration is used for emphasis or vivid descriptions.
The author uses words and phrases to create "mental images" for the reader.
A comparison of two things not using connective terms such as "like," "as," etc.
The purposeful repetition of an image, phrase, or symbol
A figure of speech where animals, ideas or inorganic objects are given human characteristics
A comparison between two otherwise unalike objects or ideas (similar to the way a metaphor does) by connecting them with the words "like" or "as."
A word or object that represents something else. Ex: Often a reference to "a new dawn" speaks not only about the actual beginning of a new day but also signifies a new start
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