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chapter 5, 6, and 7
Terms in this set (40)
refers to the interweaving of the melodic lines with harmony
Melodic lines may be thought of as the various threads that make up the musical fabric, or the __________________, of a piece.
Describes HOW MANY MUSICAL PARTS ARE HAPPENING at the SAME TIME in a piece of music
---ALSO DESCRIBES the NATURE of those PARTS
-Thin and Thick
____________ texture has FEW simultaneous parts
________________ texture has MANY simultaneous parts
The simplest texture
-SINGLE line melody WITHOUT accompaniment
-SINGLE "voice" (refers to an individual part or line, even in instrumental music)
Common texture in non-Western cultures where SEVERAL musicians sing or play the same musical line (as in MONOPHONY), but each one varies some element- maybe a pitch or rhythm- so that they're "OUT OF SYNC" with each other
describes a "MANY-VOICED" texture in which TWO OR MORE DIFFERENT MELODIC LINES are COMBINED, thus distributing melodic interest among all parts and is based on COUNTERPOINT or COUNTERMELODY
----If you hear a COUNTERMELODY, it is this type of texture.
-TWO OR MORE MELODIC LINES COMBINED INTO A MULTI-VOICED TEXTURE
Polyphonic texture is based on ___________________________.
-One musical line set against another.
-Contrapuntal music is always polyphonic.
Occurs when ONE MELODIC VOICE is PROMINENT OVER the ACCOMPANYING LINES or VOICES
--SINGLE MELODY WITH NON-MELODIC ACCOMPANIMENT
-Harmony part is NOT Melodic
Homophonic texture with ALL THE VOICES OR MUSICAL LINES moving together in the SAME RHYTHM
-Voices singing different notes/pitches to create harmony, but singing in the SAME Rhythm.
-ALL VOICES SAME RHYTHM
Melody is the ____________________ aspect of music.
Harmony is the _________________ aspect of music.
When a melodic idea is presented or played in one voice or instrument and then RESTATED/REPEATED in another
-a compositional technique of REPEATING MELODIES within a piece of music
-COMPOSITIONAL DEVICE USED FOR REPETITION
SOPHISTICATED or COMPLICATED version of a round where each part STRICTLY IMITATES the others
(STRICTLY IMITATIVE WORK)
SIMPLEST and MOST FAMILIAR form of a canon where the song can be IMITATED/REPEATED over ITSELF to create harmony such as "Row, Row, Row Your Boat" and "Are You Sleeping, Brother John"
Overall work's STRUCTURE or SHAPE of how a piece of music is ORGANIZED
-Concerns: REPETITION, CONTRAST, and VARIATION
One element that concerns form and FIXES THE MATERIAL in our minds and satisfies our need for the familiar, while CONTRAST STIMULATES our interest and feeds our desire for change
(form) Vocal music, in which the same melody is repeated with each stanza of the text (VERSES)
-Different words sung with the same melody
-Folk songs or carols
--Silent Night and most church Hymns
Opposite of the strophic form
-NO MAIN/LARGE SECTION OF THE MUSIC OR TEXT IS REPEATED
kind of form that falls BETWEEN REPETITION and CONTRAST, where some aspects of the music are ALTERED but the original is still recognizable
Piece or MUSIC created SPONTANEOUSLY in performance
-Repetition, contrast, and variation all play a role
-Important element of JAZZ music
Two part FORM based of a statement and a departure, without a return to the opening section
-TWO SEPARATE THEMES OR SECTIONS
-NO RETURN TO THE FIRST SECTION
Three part FORM that extends the idea of the statement and departure by bringing back the first section
-HAS TWO SECTIONS, BUT THE FIRST IS REPEATED AT THE END
-Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star"
When a melodic idea is used as a building block in the construction of a larger work
-MELODIC IDEA in a piece of music
-portion of the melody
-RECOGNIZABLE, RECURRING MELODIC ELEMENT
Compositional technique using parts of the theme and motives to make new musical material that is similar but different
-Changing the thematic material for variety
Restating themes or parts of themes at higher or lower pitch level
Small fragments of a theme used for thematic development (usually rhythmic)
-Small fragment that forms a melodic-rhymic unit within a theme
Call and Response
-Singing leader who is imitated by a chorus of followers
-Common in Native American and African Culture and Church Music
Short melodic or rhythmic pattern that is repeated through a section or entire piece
Complete, comparatively independent division of a large-scale work
Rate of speed
The PACE or speed of MUSIC
Can be measured in beats per minute. (bpm)
Allegro = fast
Adagio = slow
FAST and CHEERFUL
Speeding up the tempo gradually
Slowing down the tempo gradually
The musical word for volume or the VOLUME that music is played
How loud or soft.
Forte = loud
Piano = soft
Manipulating the tempo as an expressive device.
Speeding up or slowing down to create tension.
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