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22 terms

Chapter 4 Key Terms Am. Hist.

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French and Indian War
this struggle between the British and the French in the colonies of the North America was part of a worldwide war known as the Seven Years' War
Treaty of Paris of 1763
ended 7 Years' War-British victory on all colonial fronts-France lost all of its possessions on the mainland of North America-Canada and all French territory east of the Mississippi River passed to Britain-France ceded Louisiana to Spain as compensation for the loss of Florida-France gave up most of its holdings in India
Pontiac's Rebellion
American Indians attacked British forts on the frontier in May 1763
Proclamation Line of 1763
Order by the British king that closed the region west of the App Mountains to all settlement by colonists
Salutary Neglect
british colonial policy during the reigns of George I and George II. relaxed supervision of internal colonial affairs by royal bureacrats contributed significantly to the rise of American self government
Quartering Act
an act passed by the British that allowed British troops to live in the homes of the colonists
Sons of Liberty
Started by Samuel Adams, group of men, met under liberty tree and fought for freedom
Virtual Representation
every member of parliament represnted all biritish subjects even those in boston/charleston
Stamp Act Congress
A group of colonists who protested the Stamp Act, saying that Parliament couldn't tax without colonist' consent; "no taxation w/out representation"
Boston Massacre
Conflict between colonists and British soldiers in which four colonists wre killed
Committees of Correspondence
A network of communicaiton set up in Massachusetts and Virginia to inform other colonies of ways that Britain threatened colonial rights
Tea Act
England promoted tax on tea, which then led to the, Boston tea party
Boston Tea Party
demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor
Coercive Acts
name of the British laws to punish the colonists for staging the Boston Tea Party
Quebec Act
Signed in 1774, intended to reorganize the way these British territories were governed.
First Continental Congress
in September 1774, twelve (not Georgia) of the colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia for Intolerable Acts response; delegates fell into 3 distinct groups
Battle of Lexington
April 19th 1775. first battle outside of Concord, british attempted to capture patriot leaders Adams and Hancock, start of revolutionary war
Second Continental Congress
They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence
Common Sense
sound practical judgment
Patriots
Colonists who wanted independence from Britain
Loyalists
Person who supports or follows the King of England
Declaration Of Independence
this document was adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776. It established the 13 colonies as independent startes, free frome rule by Great Britain. Thomas Jefferson wrote the majority of this docuent