9 terms

AP Lit Term Set 2

STUDY
PLAY
Caricature
A verbal description, the purpose of which is to exaggerate or distort, for comic effect, a person's distinctive physical features or other characteristics. (Example: Salinger's Catcher in the Rye- Holden's view of other people (phonies))
Colloquial/Colloquialism
The use of slang or informalities in speech or writing. (Example: Mark Twain's Huck Finn "She worked me middling hard.")
Conceit
A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly
dissimilar objects. (Example: Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe- Okonkwo's nickname is "The Roaring Flame.")
Connotation
The non-literal, associative meaning of a word; the implied, suggested meaning. Connotations may involve ideas, emotions, or attitudes. (Example: Hemingway's "Hills Like White Elephants")
Denotation
The strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word, devoid of any emotion, attitude, or color. (Example: Herman Melville's Moby Dick- "The white whale")
Diction
Related to style, diction refers to the writer's word choices, especially with regard to their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness. (Example- Arthur Miller's The Crucible "Goody" sets the action in distant past.)
Didactic
From the Greek, didactic literally means "teaching." Didactic words have the primary aim of teaching or instructing, especially the teaching of moral or ethical principles. (Example: Great Gatsby- Don't critique others.)
Euphemism
From the Greek for "good speech," euphemisms are a more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept. (Example: George Orwell's Animal Farm- "All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others.")
Extended Metaphor
A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work. (Example: Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath- The turtle)
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