20 terms

Areas of Knowledge (AOK) and Ways of Knowing (WOK)

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Define "Areas of Knowledge"
= How we divide up and label the knowledge we possess systematically, in clear terms (although there might be some overlap within some of the areas at times).
Identify the 8 different AOK
The Arts
Ethics
History
Human Sciences
Natural Sciences
Mathematics
Indigenous knowledge systems
Religious knowledge systems
Define: The Arts
Plural Noun:
1) the expression of creative skill through a visual medium for example a painting or sculpture.
2) the product of a process: paintings, drawings, and sculpture etc.
3) the various branches of a mainly creative activity, such as painting, music, literature, poetry and drama.
4) (arts) subjects of study primarily concerned with human culture (as contrasted with scientific or technical subjects with their specific methods).
5) a skill: examples -- the art of conversation (in order to bring out something new), crafts -- Origami.
Define: Ethics
Plural Noun:
1) the moral principles governing or influencing conduct.
2) the branch of knowledge concerned with moral principles and decision making
Define: History
Noun:
1) the study of past events.
2) the past considered as a whole.
3) past events connected with someone or something.
4) a continuous record of past events or trends.
5) an attempt to make sense of a (chronological) series of past events (as documented in (4) ).
6) an interpretation of a defined number and scope of past events in relation to each other.
Define: Human Sciences
Plural noun: The human sciences correspond to humanities and social sciences, but can also include aspects of psychology and even mathematics, as one of the key things we are concerned with is how we gather information in our study of human behaviour.
Define: Natural Sciences
Plural Noun:
Can be defined in 2 ways:
1) branches of science which deal with the physical world, e.g. physics, chemistry, geology, biology. (= body of scientific knowledge)
2) particular method of obtaining information about the real world
Define: Mathematics
Plural Noun:
usually treated as a singular branch of science, which is mainly concerned with number, quantity, and space, either as abstract ideas (pure mathematics) or as applied to physics, engineering, and other subjects (applied mathematics).
Define: Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Plural Noun:
Beliefs originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native. Constituting a whole system that reconciles the environment, ideas about the world as such (myths) and the purpose of humans in a wider spectrum of creatures. (Usually, passed on orally, not in written ways.)
Define: Religious Knowledge Systems
Plural Noun:
1) the belief in and worship of a superhuman/non-human controlling power, especially a personal God or a number of gods.
2) a particular system of faith and worship.
3) a pursuit or interest followed with great devotion.
4) structured system of beliefs, in modern societies usually organised in corporate bodies (with rules passed on in written form).
Define Ways of Knowing
How we acquire knowledge about the world around us, and figure out our relationship with it.
Identify the 8 different WOK
Sense Perception
Memory
Reason
Language
Emotion
Faith
Imagination
Intuition
Define: Sense Perception
Noun:
1) any of the faculties of sight, smell, hearing, taste, and touch, by which the body perceives an external stimulus.
2) a feeling that something is the case.
3) (sense of) awareness or appreciation of or sensitivity to: a sense of direction.
4) a sane and practical attitude to situations.
5) reason or purpose; good judgement: there's no sense in standing in the rain.
6) a meaning of a word or expression or the way in which a word or expression can be interpreted.
Verb:
1) perceive by a sense or senses.
2) be vaguely aware of.
3) (of a machine or similar device) detect.
Define: Memory
Noun:
1) the faculty by which the mind stores and remembers information.
2) something remembered from the past.
Define: Reason
Noun:
1) a cause, explanation, or justification.
2) good or obvious cause to do something.
3) the power of the mind to think, understand, and form judgements logically.
4) (one's reason) one's sanity.
5) what is right, practical, or possible.
6) think, understand, and form judgements logically.
7) (reason out) find a solution (to a problem) by considering possible options.
8) (reason with) persuade with rational argument.
Define: Language
Noun:
1) the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way.
2) the system of communication used by a particular community or country.
3) the phraseology and vocabulary of a particular group: legal language.
4) the manner or style of a piece of writing or speech.
5) computing a system of symbols and rules for writing programs or algorithms.
Define: Emotion
Noun:
1) a strong feeling (such as joy or anger).
2) instinctive feeling as distinguished from reasoning or knowledge.
Define: Faith
Noun:
1) complete trust or confidence in someone or something.
2) strong belief in the doctrines of a religion, based on spiritual conviction rather than proof.
Define: Imagination
Noun:
1) the faculty or action of forming new ideas, or images or concepts of external objects not present to the senses.
2) the ability of the mind to be creative or resourceful.
3) the part of the mind that imagines things.
Define: Intuition
Noun:
the ability to understand something instinctively, without the need for conscious reasoning.