8th Soc Studies Legislative Branch
How many SENATORs are there?
How many come from each state?
How many years do they serve?
6 years ( a 1/3 are elected at a time)
How old do you have to be?
30 years old
How long do they have to be a citizen?
Do they have to live in the state that elected them?
How is a vacant senate seat filled?
by the govenor of that state
Who is in charge of the Senate?
The Vice President
Who is in charge of the Senate if the Vice President is not there?
Can the Vice President vote in the Senate?
ONLY if there is a tie
What can the Senate do?
1) approve treaties 2) act as the jury to impeach the President 3) makes laws
Who elects the Senators?
the people of their state
How many members are there in the House of Representatives?
435 from various states
How is the number of Representatives chosen?
1) the number is fixed 2) each state has its share by population
What are the rules for numbers of Representatives?
each state has to have at least 1 (one) but no more than 50 (fifty)
How old do Representativies have to be?
How many years does a Representative have to be a citizen?
Who is incharge of the House of Representatives?
The Speaker of the House
How is a vacancy in the House filled?
it is filled by a special election
What are duties of the House of Representatives?
1) All revenue bills start in the House 2) The house has sole power to IMPEACH ANY FEDERAL OFFICER 3) The House will select a President if one does not get the majority of the votes
Where does the Legislative Branch meet?
in the Capitol Building
What is the ELASTIC CLAUSE?
congress can make laws for what ever comes up in the future
What is a WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS?
a prisoner need to be brought to court in a speedy manor
What is EX POST FACTO LAW?
a person has to be told why they are in jail
What is a BILL OF ATTAINDER?
Congress can not find a person guilty of a crime without a trial
What is a QUORUM?
the majority of its members
Who can DECLARE WAR?
only Congress can declare WAR