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5 Written questions

4 Multiple choice questions

  1. Voice Over IP. The gateway translates between the signaling technology and transport technology.A codec is required. UDP and SIP
  2. Voice traffice is fairly constant. Data traffice is short bursts with long silences. Circuit switching is not efficient with data.
  3. Converts digital computer signals to analog and sent over telephone lines. 3G is for sending data faster with a speed 2-3 Mbps. WiMAX is to replace DSL, Cable and cellular service with 1-4 Mbps. Satellite is very expensive because of long transmission distance. Two way data transmission is expensive. Some carriers are pushing fiber directly to the home with 100 Mbps or more.
  4. GSM is dominant in Europe and Asia. CDMA is dominant in the US. CDMA can use the same channel in adjacent cells, providing more channel reuse and so more customers.

4 True/False questions

  1. Define circuit switching and compare with packet switchingADSL uses 1 VG UTP lines. Cable uses optical fiber to the neighborhood with thick coaxal cables. Thin coaxial drop cables go to the residences.


  2. What is pulse code modulation? When is it used?1-pair Voice Grade UTP, 2-pair data-grade UTP, and optical fiber


  3. What media are used for the local loop?DAC is Digital to Analog Conversion where as ADV is Analog to Digital conversion.


  4. What is a cellular telephone cell? What functions does the mobile telephone switching office serve?A cell is an area covered by a cellsite with antenna and equipment to serve mobile phones in the cell. The MTSO coordinates activity among the cellsites. It connects wired customers via a POP.


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