31 terms

IELTS Topics - Crime and punishment

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Arson
Setting fire to something on purpose, especially a building
Murder
Killing someone
Shoplifting
Stealing something from a shop
Burglary
Stealing something from someone's house
Smuggling
Taking something illegally into another country
Kidnapping
Taking a person hostage in exchange for money or other favours, etc.
Hijacking
Using violence to take control of a vehicle
Fraud
Cheating in order to get money or other good illegally
Rape
Forcing somebody to have sex with you when they do not want to, by threatening them or using violence
Hacking
Secretly finding a way of looking at someone else's computer or changing their information without permission
Victim
The person that has been attacked or injured
Prosecutor
The person who tries to prove that the accused is guilty
Jury
The group of people who listen to the facts and decided whether the accused is guilty or not
Judge
The person who directs the trial and has the authority to decide how criminals should be punished
Accomplice
The person who helped the accused to commit a crime
Defending lawyer
The person who represents the accused and tries to prove that he is not guilty
Witness
The person who saw the crime and can describe it to other people
Suspect
The person who is believed to have committed a crime
Investigation
The police try to gather information about the crime
Interrogation
The police ask questions to witnesses and suspects
Arrest
The police take the suspects to the police station and keep them there
Plead guilty
At the beginning of the trial, the accused admits he is guilty
Plead not guilty
At the beginning of the trial, the accused says he is not guilty
Deliberation
The process where the jury discuss if the accused is guilty
Verdict
When the jury have made a decision, the pass ____ on the accused
Convict
To declare the criminal officially guilty
Acquit
To declare the criminal officially innocent
Capital punishment
Punishment by death
Life imprisonment
Putting someone in prison for the rest of their life
Community service
Work helping people in the local community as a punishment
Fine
When you pay money as a punishment, you pay a...
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