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Math Vocabulary Test #1
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Gravity
Terms in this set (30)
inequality
A statement that compares two quantities using <, >, ≤,≥,
Legs of a right triangle
in a right triangle the sides that form the right angle are called legs of the right triangle. the side opposite the right angle is the hypotenuse of the triangle
vertical
going up and down
horizontal
Going straight across from side to side
stem and leaf plot
a display of data in which digits with larger place values are "stems" and digits with smaller place values are "leaves"
box and wisker plot
A diagram that uses the upper and lower quartiles along with the median and the two most extreme values to depict a distribution graphically; sometimes called a box plot.
frequency table
A table for organizing a set of data that shows the number of times each item or number appears. ( mode )
histogram
a bar chart representing a frequency distribution
circle graph
A graph used to compare parts of a whole. The circle represents the whole and is separated into parts of the whole.
line plot
A method of visually displaying a distribution of data values where each data value is shown as a dot or mark above a number line. Also known as a dot plot. ( mode )
Fundamental Counting Principle
multiplying the number of ways each event in an experiment can occur to find the number of possible outcomes.
Net
a two dimensional pattern of a three dimensional figure
Rotational Symmetry
occurs if a figure can be turned less than 360 about its center and still look like the original.
dilation
widening or expanding.
Pythagorean Triple
a set of three integers that satisfy the Pythagorean theorem
Function
a rule that establishes a relationship between two quantities, the input and output.
Line Symmetry
a line dividing a figure into two halves that are a reflection of one another.
Surface Area
sum of the areas of each surface of a three dimensional figure.
Deposit
an amount of money added to a bank account.
Withdrawal
an amount of money deducted from a bank account.
180 degrees
the sum of the number of degrees of the angles of a triangle or the number of degrees in a straight angle.
360 degrees
the sum of the number of degrees of the angles in a quadrilateral.
(n-2) 180
how to calculate the number of degrees in any polygon
time and a half
1.5 times the hourly wage generally paid to workers for any hours worked over 40 hours.
similar figures
figures with corresponding angles that are congruent and sides that are proportional.
tree diagram
a diagram that displays all the possible outcomes of an event
pythagorean theorem
in a right triangle the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.
relatively prime
two numbers are relatively prime when their gcf is 1
diagonal
a segment that connects two non consecutive vertices
correlation
the description of the relationship between two sets of data.
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