AP Human Geography Chapter 1 Vocab.
Terms in this set (57)
The study of phenomena by visiting places and observing how people interact with and thereby change those places.
One of the two major divisions of geography, the spatial analysis of human population, it's cultures, activities, and landscapes.
The expansion of economic, political and cultural processes to the point that they become global in scale and impact.
one of the two major divisions of systematic geography; the spatial analysis of the structure, processes and location of the earth's natural phenomena such as climate, soil plants, animals, and topography.
Pertaining to space on the earth's surface, sometimes used as a synonym for geographic.
physical location of geographic phenomena across space.
The study of health and disease within a geographic context and from .a geographical perspective. Among other things medical geography looks at sources, diffusion routes, and distributions of diseases.
An outbreak of a disease that spreads worldwide.
regional outbreak of a disease.
observing variations in geographic phenomena across space.
A logical attempt to explain the locational pattern of an economic activity and the manner in which its producing areas are interrelated.
Human Environment interactions
The 2nd theme of geography as defined by the Geography Educational National implementation Project; reciprocal relationship btwn humans and environment.
The third them of geography defined by the Geography Educational National Implementation Project: an area on the earth's surface marked by a degree of formal, functional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon.
sense of place
State of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by remembering important events that occurred in that place or by labeling a place with a certain character.
perceptions of places
Belief or "understanding" about a place developed through books, movies, stories, or pictures.
The fifth theme of geography as defined by the Geography Educational National Implementation project: the mobility of people, goods and ideas across the surface of the planet.
The degree of flow of people, idea, and goods among places.
Measurement of the physical space btwn two spaces.
The degree of ease with which it is possible to reach a certain location from other locations.
Connectedness of a node in the world economy to other nodes along networks.
The visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape. The layers of buildings, forms, and artifacts sequentially on the landscapes by the activities of various human occupants.
The notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape.
The art and science of maps, including data compilation, layout, and design. Also concerned with the interpretation of mapped patterns.
Maps that show the absolute location of places and geographic features determined by a frame, typically latitude and longitude
Maps that tell stories, typically showing the degree of some attribute or the movement of a geographic phenomenon.
The position or place of a certain item on the surface of the earth as expressed in degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude, 0 degrees yo 90 degrees north or the south of the equator, and longitude, 0 degrees to 180 degrees east or west of the prime meridian passing through greenwich, England.
global positioning system (GPS)
Satellite based system for determining the absolute location of places or geographic features.
A hunt for a cache, the global positioning system (GPS) coordinates which are placed on the internet by other geocachers.
The regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of places. Distance, accessibility, and connectivity affect relative location.
Image or picture of the way space is organized as determined by an individual's perception, impression, and knowledge of that day.
The space within which daily activity occurs.
Areas on maps that are not well defined because they are off limits or unknown to the map maker.
Help us see general trends, but we cannot see all cases of a given phenomena.
Geographic information system (GIS)
A collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulate, analyzed, and displayed to the user.
Involvement of players at other scales to generate support for a position or an initiative
A type of region marked by a certain degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomena; also called uniform region or homogenous region.
A region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it.
A region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as a physically demarcated entity. For example, in the united states, "the south" and the "Mid-Atlantic region" are perceptual regions.
The sum total of the knowledges, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of society.
A single element of normal practice in a culture such as the wearing of a turban.
A related set of cultural traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.
Heartland, source area, innovation center; place of origin of a major culture.
The spatial spreading of dissemination of a culture element ( such technological innovation) or some other phenomenon ( ie. A disease outbreak).
The declining degree of acceptance of an idea or innovation with increasing time and distance from its point of origin or source.
The term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other.
Prevailing cultural attitude rendering certain innovations, ideas,, or practices unacceptable or unadoptable in that particular culture.
The spread of an innovation or an idea through a population in an area in such a way the the number of those influenced grows continuously larger, resulting in an expanding area of dissemination.
A form of diffusion in which and idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or peoples.
The distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person, analogous to the communication of a contagious illness.
A form of diffusion i which a cultural adaptattion is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place.
Sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate to new ones. The most common form of relocation diffusion involves the spreading of innovations by a migrating population.
Ways of seeing the world spatially that are used by geographers in answering research questions.
The view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including, cultural development. Also referred to as environmentalism.
Geographic view point that holds that human decision making, not the environment, is the crucial factor in cultural development.
The multiple interactions and relationships btwn a culture and the natural environment.
An approach to studying nature-society relations that is concerned with the ways in which environmental issues both reflect, and are the result of, the political and socioeconomic contexts in which they are situated.
AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY