23 terms

2016 Poetry Vocabulary - Eng. 9

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Rhyme Scheme
A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem (usually tracked with letters of the alphabet).
Figurative Language
Using words to say more than they mean on the surface. Language describing ordinary things in new ways.
Alliteration
The repetition of the same beginning sound in several words
Symbolism
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
Hyperbole
An overstatement or exaggeration meant to place emphasis
Simile
A comparison between two things using the words "like" or "as"
Metaphor
A comparison between two things without using the words "like" or "as"
Onomatopoeia
The use of words that sound like what they mean
Oxymoron
Words that joins together two seemingly contradictory/opposite elements
Rhythm
A pattern of accented and unaccented syllables
Allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
Meter
A way of placing emphasis on words and syllables that creates a repetitive rhythm
Iambic Meter
A rhythmic poetic unit of one unstressed and one stressed syllable. (u --)
Theme
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
Personification
Giving human qualities to inanimate objects or animals
Irony
a contrast between expectation and reality; the opposite of what is expected.
Tone
Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character
Trochaic Unit
a metrical measurement of one stressed syllable and one unstressed (--u)
Pentameter
a verse line having five metrical feet
Scansion
a strategy for marking the stressed (--) and unstressed (u) syllables in words.
euphamism
a mild term substituted for a harsh one
paradox
A seemingly contradictory statement that nonetheless expresses a truth
pun
A play on words with similar sounds or on one word with multiple meanings