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Rhyme Scheme

A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem (usually tracked with letters of the alphabet).

Figurative Language

Using words to say more than they mean on the surface. Language describing ordinary things in new ways.


The repetition of the same beginning sound in several words


A device in literature where an object represents an idea.


An overstatement or exaggeration meant to place emphasis


A comparison between two things using the words "like" or "as"


A comparison between two things without using the words "like" or "as"


The use of words that sound like what they mean


Words that joins together two seemingly contradictory/opposite elements


A pattern of accented and unaccented syllables


a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize


A way of placing emphasis on words and syllables that creates a repetitive rhythm

Iambic Meter

A rhythmic poetic unit of one unstressed and one stressed syllable. (u --)


a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work


Giving human qualities to inanimate objects or animals


a contrast between expectation and reality; the opposite of what is expected.


Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character

Trochaic Unit

a metrical measurement of one stressed syllable and one unstressed (--u)


a verse line having five metrical feet


a strategy for marking the stressed (--) and unstressed (u) syllables in words.


a mild term substituted for a harsh one


A seemingly contradictory statement that nonetheless expresses a truth


A play on words with similar sounds or on one word with multiple meanings

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